Tag Archives: Graham Mackintosh

Ebbe Borregaard

Ebbe Borregaard 1970Ebbe Borregaard’s work was published in the first run of White Rabbit Press in 1958 and then by Oyez using the name “Gerard Boar”, the anagrammatic pseudonym of his last name. He also appeared in several periodicals over the years and self-published some poetry and letters.

Along with his wife Joy, Ebbe owned and operated Borregaard’s Museum and Art Gallery. The idea behind establishing the venue in 1960 was to showcase the creative achievement of the Spicer circle. Helen Adam’s play SAN FRANCISCO’S BURNING was performed by Adam and her sister Pat in that first year. The following year the museum hosted a show of Jess’s work as well as a series of lectures by Duncan.

Borregaard also ran Oannes Press, publishing two titles: Helen and Pat Adam’s SAN FRANCISCO’S BURNING and James Alexander’s ETURNATURE, the latter in conjunction with Open Space.

Moving to Bolinas in 1969, Borregaard was later included in ON THE MESA: AN ANTHOLOGY OF BOLINAS WRITING published in 1971 by City Lights.


A. Books and Broadsides

1. Borregaard, Ebbe. THE WAPITIS
borregaard_wapitisSan Francisco: White Rabbit Press, January 1958
First edition, sewn printed wrappers, 6.5″ x 8.5″, 12 pages, (200 copies). Ebbe Borregaard’s first book. Cover illustration by Robert Duncan. (Johnston A4)

2. Borregard, Ebbe. LEANTO
San Francisco: n.p., 1960
First edition, printed french-fold wrappers, 125 copies, mimeograph. Illustrated by J. Alexander.

3. Borregaard, Ebbe. CHILDHOOD OF DWARF CHRIST 1

Sussex: Collection, 1969
First edition, side-stapled illustrated wrappers, 9 copies, off-print of pages  25-36 from Collection 3 edited by Peter Riley.

4. Boar, Gerard. SKETCHES FOR 13 SONNETS 
Berkeley: Oyez, 1969
First edition, saddle-stapled printed wrappers, 1600 copies, designed and printed by Graham Mackintosh

5. Borregaard, Ebbe. FRIDAY NIGHT PROVERBS
Bolinas, n.d.
First edition, broadside.


B. Contributions to Periodicals and Anthologies

1. J, No. 1, edited by Jack Spicer
mags_j01San Francisco, 1959
“Ballad for Billy Swan”, “Ballad for SAD”





2. Collection, No. 3, edited by Peter Riley
Sussex, January 1969
“Childhood of Dwarf Christ 1”

3. Adventures in Poetry, No. 11, edited by Larry Fagin
New York: The Poetry Project, Spring 1974
“October Seventh Poem”

Poet as Crystal Radio Set

Although known primarily among a coterie of poets in the San Francisco Bay Area at the time of his death in 1965, Jack Spicer has slowly become a towering figure in American poetry. He was born in Los Angeles in 1925 to midwestern parents and raised in a Calvinist jack-spicerhome. While attending college at the University of California-Berkeley, Spicer met fellow poets Robin Blaser and Robert Duncan. The friendship among these three poets would develop into what they referred to as “The Berkeley Renaissance,” which would in turn become the San Francisco Renaissance after Spicer, Blaser and Duncan moved to San Francisco in the 1950s.

In 1954, he co-founded the Six Gallery in San Francisco, which soon became famous as the scene of the October 1955 Six Gallery reading that launched the West Coast Beat movement. In 1955, Spicer moved to New York and then to Boston, where he worked for a time in the Rare Book Room of Boston Public Library. Blaser was also in Boston at this time, and the pair made contact with a number of local poets, including John Wieners, Stephen Jonas, and Joe Dunn.

Spicer returned to San Francisco in 1956 and started working on After Lorca. This book represented a major change in direction for two reasons. Firstly, he came to the conclusion that stand-alone poems (which Spicer referred to as his one-night stands) were unsatisfactory and that henceforth he would compose serial poems. In fact, he wrote to Blaser that ‘all my stuff from the past (except the Elegies and Troilus) looks foul to me.’ Secondly, in writing After Lorca, he began to practice what he called “poetry as dictation”.

In 1957, Spicer ran a workshop called Poetry as Magic at San Francisco State College, which was attended by Duncan, Helen Adam, James Broughton, Joe Dunn, Jack Gilbert, and George Stanley. He also participated in, and sometimes hosted, Blabbermouth Night at a literary bar called The Place. This was a kind of contest of improvised poetry and encouraged Spicer’s view of poetry as being dictated to the poet. (more…)

Jack Spicer

youngspicer

 

Although known primarily among a coterie of poets in the San Francisco Bay Area at the time of his death in 1965, Jack Spicer has slowly become a towering figure in American poetry. He was born in Los Angeles in 1925 to midwestern parents and raised in a Calvinist home. While attending college at the University of California-Berkeley, Spicer met fellow poets Robin Blaser and Robert Duncan. The friendship among these three poets would develop into what they referred to as “The Berkeley Renaissance,” which would in turn become the San Francisco Renaissance after Spicer, Blaser and Duncan moved to San Francisco in the 1950s.

At Berkeley Spicer studied linguistics, finishing all but his dissertation for a PhD in Anglo-Saxon and Old Norse. In 1950 he lost his teaching assistantship after refusing to sign a “loyalty oath” to the United States, which the University of California required of all its employees under the Sloan-Levering Act. Spicer taught briefly at the University of Minnesota and worked for a short period of time in the rare books room at the Boston Public Library, but he lived the majority of his life in San Francisco working as a researcher in linguistics.

jack-spicer
Jack Spicer at the opening of the 6 Gallery, Halloween 1954. Photo by Robert Berg.

Spicer helped to form the 6 Gallery with five painter friends in 1954. It was at the 6 Gallery during Spicer’s sojourn east that Allen Ginsberg first read Howl. As a native Californian, Spicer tended to view the Beats as usurpers and criticized the poetry and self-promotion of poets like Ginsberg and Lawrence Ferlinghetti, as well as the Beat ethos in general. Always weary of labels and definitions, Spicer tended to associate with small, intimate groups of poets who lived in the North Beach neighborhood of San Francisco. Spicer acted as a mentor and teacher to these young poets by running poetry workshops and providing (sometimes caustic) advice for young poets.

In a 1975 New York Times article, Richard Ellman concluded: “Jack Spicer’s poems are always poised just on the face side of language, dipping all the way over toward that sudden flip, as if an effort were being made through feeling strongly in simple words to sneak up on the event of a man ruminating about something, or celebrating something, without rhetorical formulae, in his own beautiful inept awkwardness. It’s that poised ineptitude and awkwardness of the anti-academic teacher, the scholar of linguistics who can’t say what he knows in formal language, and has chosen to be very naive and look and hear and do. Spicer was not a very happy poet. He was obsessed with possibilities he could only occasionally realize, and too aware of contemporary life to settle for anything less in his work than what he probably could not achieve. He must have been a great spirit.”


A. Books & Broadsides

 

1. After Lorca
spicer_lorcaSan Francisco: White Rabbit Press, Nov-Dec 1957
First edition, saddle-stapled printed wrappers, 6.5″ x 8.5″, 76 pages, 500 copies (26 lettered and signed). Jack Spicer’s first book. Cover illustration by Jess Collins. Introduction by Federico Garcia Lorca. (Johnston A2)

2. Homage to Creeley
spicer_homageAnnapolis: privately printed by Harold and Dore Dull, Summer 1959
First edition, side- staled sheets, 8.5″ x 11″, 33 pages, 100 copies. Incorporated into A4.
[not in archive]


3. Billy the Kid
spicer_billyStinson Beach: Enkidu Surrogate, Oct 1959
First edition, saddle-stapled illustrated wrappers, 6.5″ x 8.5″, 16 pages, 750 copies. Illustrations by Jess Collins.



4. The Heads of the Town Up to the Aether
spicer_headsSan Francisco: Auerhahn Press, 1962
A. First edition, perfect-bound illustrated wrappers, 4.75″ x 6.75″, 109 pages, 750 copies.
B. First edition, hardcover, signed by the author and artist, with an original drawing, 4.75″ x 7.25″, 109 pages, 50 copies, bound by the Schuberth
Bindery.
Illustrated by Fran Herndon. Printed announcement issued. (Auerhahn 21)

5. Lament for the Makers
spicer_lamentOakland: White Rabbit Press, 1962
First edition, sewn printed wrappers, 5.5″ x 8″, 16 pages, 125 copies. Cover illustration by Graham Mackintosh. (Johnston A11)



6. The Spicer-Ferlinghetti Correspondence
spicer_ferlingSan Francisco: White Rabbit Press, 1964
First edition, single 8.5? x 14? sheet folded once, letterpress.



7. The Holy Grail
spicer_holySan Francisco: White Rabbit Press 1964
First edition, saddle-stapled sheets glued into printed wrappers, 6.25″ x 8.5″, 80 pages.
Designed and printed by Graham Mackintosh. (Johnston A19)


8. Language
spicer_languageSan Francisco: White Rabbit Press, 1965
First edition, perfect-bound printed wrappers, 6.25″ x 10″, 72 pages. (Johnston A30)




9. “A Redwood Forest…”
spicer_redwoodSan Francisco: White Rabbit Press, 1965
First edition, broadside, 8″ x 10.25″, letterpress printed. (Johnston B1)




10. Book of Magazine Verse
spicer_magazineSan Francisco: White Rabbit Press, 1966
First edition, perfect-bound printed wrappers, 5.5″ x 7.75″, 56 pages, 1500 copies. Designed and printed by Graham Mackintosh. (Johnston A33)



11. The Day Five Thousand Fish Died in the Charles River
Pleasant Valley: Kriya Press, 1967
First edition, broadside, 11″ x 16″, 100 copies.

12. A Red Wheelbarrow
St. Aubens, Hove, Sussex: Peter Riley, 1968
limited offprint in 12 copies from Collection One

13. A Book of Music
spicer_musicSan Francisco: White Rabbit, 1969
First edition, saddle-stapled illustrated wrappers, 6.25″ x 9.25″, 20 pages. Illustrated by Graham Mackintosh.



14. The Holy Grail
spicer_holy2Berkeley: Jolly Roger Press, February 1969
First edition thus (pirated edition), stapled printed sheets, 8.5″ x 11″, 18 pages, 500 copies.




15. Indian summer: Minneapolis 1950
Brooklyn: Samuel Charters, 1970
First edition, broadside, 8″ x 18″, 100 copies. Published as Portents

16. The Red Wheelbarrow
Berkeley: Arif Press, 1971

17. Some Things from Jack
Verona: Plain Wrapper Press, 1972

18. Ballad of the Dead Woodcutter
Berkeley: Arif Press, 1973

19. Postscript
Albuquerque: Billy Goat Press, 1973
First edition, broadside, 11″ x 17″, 100 copies.

20. Admonitions
New York: Adventures in Poetry, 1974

21. A Lost Poem
Verona: Plain Wrapper Press, 1974

22. Fifteen False Propositions about God
South San Francisco: Manroot, 1974

23. An Ode and An Arcadia
Berkeley: Ark Press, 1974

24. The Collected Books of Jack Spicer, edited by Robin Blaser
Los Angeles: Black Sparrow Press, 1975

25. One Night Stand and other poems, edited by Donald Allen
San Francisco: Grey Fox Press, 1980

26. Collected Poems, 1945-46
Berkeley: Oyez/White Rabbit Press, 1981

27. The Tower of Babel: Jack Spicer’s Detective Novel, edited by Ed Foster and Kevin Killian
Hoboken, N.J: Talisman House, 1994


B. Contributions to Books and Anthologies

1. The New American Poetry, 1945-1960, edited by Donald Allen
New York: Grove Press, 1960
“Imaginary Elegies I-IV”

2. The New Writing in the U.S.A., edited by Donald Allen and Robert Creeley
Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1967
“Love Poems”

3. Poetics of the New American Poetry, edited by Donald Allen
New York: Grove Press, 1973


C. Contributions to Periodicals

1. The Occident, edited by Jocelyn Willat
mags_occidentwint46Berkeley, Winter 1946
“To the Semanticists”, “The Chess Game”, “A New Testament”




2. Contour Quarterly, Vol. 1, No. 1, edited by Chris Maclaine
mags_contour01Berkeley, April 1947
[untitled] “After the ocean, shattering with equinox…”, “4 A.M.”, “Chinoiserie”




3. Berkeley Miscellany, No. 1, edited by Robert Duncan
mags_miscellany01Berkeley, 1948
“A Night in Four Parts”, “Troy Poem”, “Sonnet”





4. Berkeley Miscellany, No. 2, edited by Robert Duncan
mags_miscellany02Berkeley, 1949
“The Scroll-Work on the Casket”





5. The Occident, edited by Lynne Brown
mags_occidentfall49Berkeley, Fall 1949
“The Poet & Poetry: A Symposium”





6. Language: Journal of the Linguistic Society of America, Vol. 28, No. 3, Part I
Baltimore, July-September 1952
“Correlation Methods of Comparing Ideolects in a Transition Area”

7. Evergreen Review, Vol. 1, No. 2, edited by Barney Rosset and Donald Allen
mags_evergreen0102New York City, 1957
“Berkeley in Time of Plague”, “The Dancing Ape…”, “Troy Poem”, “The Scroll-work on the Casket”, “Hibernation – After Morris Graves”, “Psychoanalysis: An Elegy”, “The Song of the Bird in the Loins”

8. Measure, No. 1, edited by John Wieners
mags_measure01Boston, Summer 1957
“Song for Bird and Myself”





9. Beatitude, No. 3, published by John Kelly
mags_beatitude03San Francisco, 23 May 1959
“Fifteen False Propositions about God”





10. Beatitude, No. 6, published by John Kelly
San Francisco, [June] 1959
“Epithalamium” [co-authored with Bruce Boyd, Ronald Primack, and George Stanley]

11. J, No. 1, edited by Jack Spicer
mags_j01San Francisco, 1959
“Hokkus”





12. J, No. 2, edited by Jack Spicer
San Francisco, 1959
[untitled] “Down to new beaches where the sea…”, “Epilog of Jim”

13. J, No. 3, edited by Jack Spicer
San Francisco, 1959
“Last Hokku”, [untitled] “The shabby sea where you float in…”

14. J, No. 4, edited by Jack Spicer
mags_j04San Francisco, [October] 1959
“Jacob”





15. J, No. 5, edited by Jack Spicer
mags_j05San Francisco, 1959
“Fifth Elegy”





16. Beatitude, No. 17, edited by Bob Kaufman
mags_beatitude17San Francisco: City Light Books, Oct-Nov 1960
“When I hear the word Ferlinghetti / I reach for my g. . . n” [attributed to Jack Slicer]




17. J, No. 8, edited by Jack Spicer
San Francisco, 1961
“A Translation for Jim”

18. Foot, No. 2, edited by Richard Duerden and William Brown
mags_foot02
Berkeley, 1962
“Correspondence”





19. The San Francisco Capitalist Bloodsucker / N
mags_capitalistSan Francisco, Spring 1962
“Three Marxist Essays”





20. Measure, No. 3, edited by John Wieners
mags_measure03Boston, Summer 1962
“Central Park West”





21. Open Space, No. 0, edited by Stan Persky
San Francisco, January 1964
[untitled] “This ocean, humiliating in its disguises…”

22. Open Space, No. 1, edited by Stan Persky
San Francisco, February 1964
“Sporting Life”

23. Open Space, No. 2, edited by Stan Persky
San Francisco, February 1964
“This is Submitted for your Valentine Contest”, [untitled] “I hear a banging on the door of night…”

24. Open Space, No. 3, edited by Stan Persky
mags_openspace03San Francisco, March 1964
“Predictions”, [untitled] “The log in the fire…”, [untitled] “Finally the messages penetrate…”, “Dear Ferlinghetti”



25. Open Space, No. 4, edited by Stan Persky
mags_openspace04tSan Francisco, 1964
[untitled] “Heroes eat soup…”, [untitled] “Smoke signals…”, [untitled] “A redwood forest…”, [untitled] “The whorship of beauty…”



26. Open Space, No. 5, edited by Stan Persky
San Francisco, 1964
[untitled] “Pull down the shade of ruin, rain verse…”, [untitled] “If your mother’s mother had not riven, mother…”, [untitled] “What in sight do I have…”, [untitled] “It comes May and the summers renew themselves…”, [untitled] “Thanatos, the death-plant in the skull…”

27. Open Space, No. 6, edited by Stan Persky
San Francisco, June 1964
[untitled] “1st SF home rainout since. Bounce…”, [untitled] “The country is not very well defined…”, [untitled] “I squint my eyes to cry…”, [untitled] “The metallurgical analysis of the stone that…”

28. Open Space, No. 7, edited by Stan Persky
San Francisco, 1964
“Love Poems”, “Protestant Letter”

29. Open Space, No. 8, edited by Stan Persky
mags_openspace08San Francisco, 1964
“Intermission I”, “Intermission II”, “Intermission III”, “Transformations I”, “Transformation II”, “Transformations III”



30. Open Space, No. 9, edited by Stan Persky
San Francisco, 1964
“Morphemicks”

31. Open Space, No. 10, edited by Stan Persky
San Francisco, 1964
“Phonemics”

32. Open Space, No. 11, edited by Stan Persky
San Francisco, 1964
“Graphemics 1-5”

33. The Wivenhoe Park Review, No. 1, edited by Thomas Clark and Andrew Crozier
mags_wivenhoe01Essex: University of Essex, 1965
“15 False Propositions about God”






34. Work, No. 2, edited by John Sinclair
Detroit: Artists Workshop Press, Fall 1965
“Graphemic #10”

35. COW, No. 1, edited by Luther T. Cupp
mags_cow01San Francisco: Cow, 1965
“Dear Sister Mary”





36. Whe’re, No.1, edited by Ron Caplan
Detroit: Artists’ Workshop, Summer 1966
“Lament for the Makers”, “The Scroll-work on the Casket”, “Dover Beach”, “Postscript”, “The Birds”, “The Birth of Venus”

37. O’er, No. 2, edited by David Sandberg
mags_oar02San Francisco, December 1966
from After Lorca: “Buster Keaton Rides Again: A Sequel”




38. The Pacific Nation, No. 1, edited by Robin Blaser
mags_pacific01Vancouver, June 1967
“A Poem to the Reader of the Poem”





39. Floating Bear, No. 33
Brooklyn, 1967
“The Bridge Game”, “Lives of the Philosophers: Diogenes”

40. Floating Bear, No. 34
Brooklyn, 1967
“The Day Five Thousand Fish Died in the Charles River”

41. Collection, No. 1, edited by Peter Riley
mags_collection01Sussex, March 1968
“The Red Wheelbarrow”





42. Iron, No. 7
British Columbia, 1969
“Ode for Walt Whitman”

43. Tish
Vancouver, February 1969

44. Admonitions in Writing, No. 2
Vancouver, 1970

45. Boss 4
New York: Boss Magazine, 1970

46. Caterpillar, No. 12
Sherman Oaks, July 1970

47. California Librarian
October 1970
*an excellent bibliography

48. Is, No. 8, edited Victor Coleman
Toronto: Coach House Press, 1970

49. The Harris Review, edited by Harris Schiff
New York: Harris Review, baseball season 1971
[untitled] “The oaks…”, [untitled [With fifteen cents and that I could get a…”

50. IO, Number 10 Baseball Issue, edited by Richard Grossinger 
Cape Elizabeth, ME: IO Publications, 1971

51. Shocks, Double Issue 3/4, edited by Stephen Vincent
March 1974 

from “After Lorca”

52. Manroot, No. 10, Spicer issue
Fall-Winter 1974

53. Adventures in Poetry, No. 12, edited by Larry Fagin
mags_adventuresp12New York: The Poetry Project, Summer 1975
“Babel”, “Dardenella”, “Lives of the Philosophers: Diogenes”, [untitled] “Lack of oxygen…”, [untitled] “In- / Visible zombies…”, “Spider Song”


54. The Capilano Review, No. 8/9, edited by Pierre Coupey 
Vancouver: Capilano College, 1975

55. Telephone, No. 10, edited Maureen Owen 
New York: Telephone Books Press, 1975

56. New York Times Book Review, 23
November 1975

57. Parnassus: Poetry in Review
Spring-Summer 1976

58. Boundary 2, No. 6, Jack Spicer Issue,  edited by William V. Spanos
SUNY, Binghamton, Fall 1977

59. Acts #6 / A Book of Correspondences for Jack Spicer
1986

60. Exact Change Yearbook #1
1995


Further Reading:

1. Jack Spicer by Edward Halsey Foster (Boise, Idaho : Boise State University, c1991)

2. Poet be like God: Jack Spicer and the Berkeley Renaissance by Kevin Killian & Lewis Ellingham (Hanover, NH: Wesleyan University Press, 1998)

3. The House That Jack Built: The Collected Lectures of Jack Spicer, ed. Peter Gizzi (Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 1998)


Online Resources:

Academy of American Poets
Book Forum
Jacket Magazine
Penn Sound
Poetry Foundation
University of Buffalo 


References Consulted:


Clay, Steven and Rodney Phillips. A SECRET LOCATION ON THE LOWER EAST SIDE: Adventures in Writing, 1960-1980
New York: New York Public Library / Granary Books, 1998

Dorbin, Sanford. A CHECKLIST OF THE PUBLISHED WRITING OF JACK SPICER
UCSB Special Collections.

Johnston, Alastair. A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE AUERHAHN PRESS & ITS SUCCESSOR DAVE HASELWOOD BOOKS
Berkeley: Poltroon Press, 1976

Johnston, Alastair. A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE WHITE RABBIT PRESS
Berkeley: Poltroon Press, 1985

Oyez Press

Oyez Press was founded in 1964 by Robert Hawley and Stevens van Strum in Berkeley, California. Its inaugural run was a series of 10 broadsides featuring poems by Michael McClure, Brother Antoninus, Josephine Miles, Robert Duncan, Robert Creeley, David Meltzer, Denise Levertov, Charles Olson, Gary Snyder and William Bronk. These broadsides were printed by Dave Haselwood’s Auerhahn Press based in San Francisco.

Oyez would continue to publish books for over 20 years by poets primarily from the Black Mountain school and the Bay Area Renaissance; publishing over 80 books in addition to numerous keepsakes and broadsides, featuring authors such as David Meltzer, Josephine Miles, Lew Welch, Philip Lamantia, and many others.

The first Oyez book was a collection of poetry by David Meltzer. It was during this period that Hawley began his business relationship with printer Graham Mackintosh. The Oyez poetry editions were well regarded for the simplicity and elegance of their designs. Although not all Oyez books were designed by Mackintosh, several of his designs did receive awards, including an edition of William Everson’s Single Source that was selected as one of the 50 books of the year by the American Institute of Graphic Arts.


1. McClure, Michael. TWO FOR BRUCE CONNOR
Berkeley: Oyez, 1964
First edition, broadside, 12″ x 17″, 500 copies, printed by The Auerhahn Press. Published as Oyez 1. (Clements A12)

2. Everson, William. THE ROSE OF SOLITUDE
Berkeley: Oyez 1964
First edition, broadside, 13″ x 17.5″, printed by The Auerhahn Press. Published as Oyez 2.

3. Miles, Josephine. IN IDENTITY
San Francisco: Oyez, 1964
First edition, broadside, 11.5″ x 17″, Printed by The Auerhahn Press. Published as Oyez 3.

4. DUNCAN, Robert. WINE
San Francisco: Oyez, 1964
First edition, broadside, 11.5″ x 17″, Printed by The Auerhahn Press. Published as Oyez 4.

5. Creeley, Robert. TWO POEMS
[San Francisco]: Oyez, 1964
First edition, broadside, 11.25″ x 16.5″, 423 copies (27 signed in a portfolio), printed by The Auerhahn Press. Published as Oyez 5. (Novik 15)

6. Meltzer, David. THE BLACKEST ROSE
Berkeley: Oyez, 1964
First edition, broadside, 10.75″ x 17.5″, printed by The Auerhahn Press. Published as Oyez 6.

7. Levertov, Denise. CITY PSALM
Berkeley: Oyez, 1964
First First edition, broadside, 11.5″ x 17.5″, 300 copies, printed by The Auerhahn Press. Published as Oyez 7. (Wilson A8)

8. Olson, Charles. SIGNATURE TO PETITION
San Francisco: Oyez 1964.
First edition, broadside, 11″ x 17.25″, printed by The Auerhahn Press.Published as Oyez 8.

9. Snyder, Gary. HOP, SKIP, AND JUMP
(San Francisco): Oyez, 1964
First edition, broadside, 11″ x 17.5″, 350 copies, Printed by The Auerhahn Press. Published as Oyez 9.

10. Bronk, William. THE CIPHER
Berkeley: Oyez, 1965
First edition, broadside, 10.75″ x 17.5″, printed by The Auerhahn Press. Published as Oyez 10.

11. Meltzer, David. THE PROCESS
Berkeley: Oyez, 1965
A. First edition, paperback, 37 pages, 500 copies
B. First edition, hardcover, 37 pages, 25 copies

 

Dijkstra, Bram. FACES IN SKIN
Berkeley: Oyez, 1965
First edition, stapled wrappers in dust jacket, 32 pages, 500 copies.

Duncan, Robert. MEDEA AT KOLCHIS: THE MAIDEN HEAD
Berkeley: Oyez, 1965
A. First edition, stapled wrappers, 44 pages, 500 copies.
B. First edition, hardcover, 44 pages, 28 copies, numbered and signed.

Kherdian, David. DAVID MELTZER: A SKETCH AND CHECKLIST
Berkeley: Oyez, 1965
First edition, paperback, 9 pages, 500 copies

Kherdian, David. GARY SNYDER: A BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH AND DESCRIPTIVE CHECKLIST
Berkeley: Oyez, 1965
First edition, paperback, 30 pages, 500 copies

McClure, Michael. THE BEARD
Berkeley: Oyez, 1965
First edition, paperback, 70 pages, 330 copies

McClure, Michael. POISONED WHEAT
Berkeley: Oyez, 1965
First edition, paperback, 14 pages, 1000 copies

McGaugh, Lawrence. A FIFTH SUNDAY
Berkeley: Oyez, 1965
First edition, paperback, 26 pages, 500 copies

Alexander, D. NOT A WORD
Berkeley: Oyez, 1966
First edition, stapled wrappers, 58 pages, 500 copies.

Duncan, Robert. THE YEAR AS CATCHES
Berkeley: Oyez, 1966
A. First edition, paperback, 93 pages, 1800 copies.
B. First edition, hardcover, 93 pages, 30 copies, numbered and signed.

Duncan, Robert. OF THE WAR PASSAGES, 22-27
Berkeley: Oyez, 1966
A. First edition, paperback, 11 pages, 500 copies.
B. First edition, paperback, 11 pages, 100 copies, numbered and signed.
C. First edition, hardcover, 11 pages, 6 copies, numbered and signed.

Everson, William. SINGLE SOURCE: THE EARLY POEMS OF WILLIAM EVERSON (1934-1940)
Berkeley: Oyez, 1966
A. First edition, hardcover, 105 pages, 1000 copies
B. First edition, hardcover, 105 pages, 25 copies, numbered and signed

Fabilli, Mary. THE OLD ONES
Berkeley: Oyez, 1966
A. First edition, paperback, 28 pages, 500 copies
B. First edition, hardcover, 28 pages, 3 copies

Hogg, Robert. THE CONNEXIONS
Berkeley: Oyez, 1966
First edition, paperback, 40 pages, 500 copies

Lamantia, Philip. TOUCH OF THE MARVELOUS
Berkeley: Oyez, 1966
A. First edition, paperback, 65 pages, 1450 copies
B. First edition, hardcover, 65 pages, 50 copies, numbered and signed.

Miles, Josephine. CIVIL POEMS
Berkeley: Oyez, 1966
First edition, paperback, 16 pages, 500 copies

Miles, Josephine. FIELDS OF LEARNING
Berkeley: Oyez, 1966
First edition, paperback, 25 pages, 500 copies

Dusenbery, Gail. THE MARK
Berkeley: Oyez, 1967
A. First edition, paperback, 68 pages, 1200 copies.
B. First edition, hardcover, 68 pages, 26 copies, numbered and signed.

Everson, William. IN THE FICTIVE WISH
Berkeley: Oyez, 1967
First edition, hardcover, 22 pages, 200 copies, numbered and signed.

Korte, Mary Norbert. HYMN TO THE GENTLE SUN
Berkeley: Oyez, 1967
A. First edition, paperback, 45 pages, 900 copies
B. First edition, hardcover, 45 pages, 26 copies, numbered and signed

Meltzer, David. JOURNAL OF THE BIRTH
Berkeley: Oyez, 1967
First edition, paperback, 19 pages, 1000 copies

Meltzer, David. THE DARK CONTINENT
Berkeley: Oyez, 1967
A. First edition, paperback, 94 pages, 1000 copies
B. First edition, hardcover, 94 pages, 26 copies

Antoninus, Brother (William Everson). ROBINSON JEFFERS: FRAGMENTS OF AN OLDER FURY
1968
Hardcover, 173 pages, 2600 copies

Charters, Ann. OLSON/MELVILLE: A STUDY IN AFFINITY
1968
A. paperback, 90 pages, 1000 copies
B. hardcover, 90 pages, 500 copies

Fabilli, Mary. AURORA BLIGH & EARLY POEMS
Berkeley: Oyez, 1968
A. First edition, paperback, 108 pages, 500 copies
B. First edition, hardcover, 108 pages, 250 copies

Korte, Mary Norbert. BEGINNING OF LINES
Berkeley: Oyez, 1968
A. First edition, paperback, 37 pages, 500 copies
B. First edition, hardcover, 37 pages, 200 copies, numbered and signed

Antoninus, Brother. THE LAST CRUSADE
Berkeley: Oyez, 1969
First edition, hardcover, 18 pages, 165 numbered and signed copies

Boar, Gerard (Ebbe Borregaard). SKETCHES FOR 13 SONNETS
Berkeley: Oyez, 1969
First edition, paperback, (12 pages), 1600 copies

Charters, Samuel. TO THIS PLACE
Berkeley: Oyez, 1969
A. wrappers, 50 pages, 750 copies
B. hardcover, 50 copies, 250 copies

McGaugh, Lawrence. VACUUM CANTOS
Berkeley: Oyez, 1969
A. First edition, paperback, 30 pages, 500 copies
B. First edition, hardcover, 30 pages, 30 copies

Blazek, Douglas. FLUX & REFLUX
Berkeley: Oyez, 1970
Paperback, 57 pages, 1000 copies

Chiarrello, Gail (Gail Dusenbery). THE BHANGRA DANCE
Berkeley: Oyez, 1970
First edition, paperback, 34 pages, 485 copies.

Edelman, Richard Wayne. THE WEDDING FEAST
Berkeley: Oyez, 1970
First edition, paperback, 37 pages, 1000 copies. Introduction by Denise Levertov.

Hottel, Christopher. THE KNIVES OF DAWN
Berkeley: Oyez, 1970
First edition, paperback, 37 pages, 1000 copies

Korte, Mary Norbert. THE MIDNIGHT BRIDGE
Berkeley: Oyez, 1970
First edition, paperback, 44 pages, 1000 copies

Levertov, Denise. SUMMER POEMS, 1969
Berkeley: Oyez, 1970
A. First edition, paperback, 10 pages, 300 copies
B. First edition, hardcover, 10 pages, 50 copies

Olson, Charles. THE SPECIAL VIEW OF HISTORY
Berkeley: Oyez, 1970
A. First edition, paperback, 61 pages, 1000 copies
B. First edition, hardcover, 61 pages, 500 copies

Charters, Samuel. SOME POEMS POETS
Berkeley: Oyez, 1971
A. paperback, 118 pages, 1000 copies
B. hardcover, 118 pages, 500 copies

Di Prima, Dianne. KERHONKSON JOURNAL, 1966
Berkeley: Oyez, 1971
First edition, paperback, 39 pages, 1000 copies

Everson, William. EARTH POETRY
Berkeley: Oyez, 1971
First edition, paperback, 4 pages

Brugnola, Orlanda. KING OF THORNBUSHES
Berkeley: Oyez, 1972
A. First edition, paperback, 39 pages, 500 copies
B. First edition, hardcover, 39 pages, 20 copies, numbered and signed

Charters, Samuel. FROM A SWEDISH NOTEBOOK
Berkeley: Oyez, 1972
A. First edition, paperback, 60 pages, 500 copies
B. First edition, 60 pages, 500 copies

Eigner, Larry. SELECTED POEMS
Berkeley: Oyez, 1972
A. First edition, paperback, 125 pages, 1000 copies
B. First edition, hardcover in dust jacket, 125 pages, 500 copies

Horsley, James. GOD’S NAKED DAUGHTER
Berkeley: Oyez, 1972
A. First edition, paperback, 38 pages, 850 copies
B. First edition, hardcover, 38 pages, 150 copies, numbered and signed.

Hooker, Craig Michael. HONOR AWAKENS AGAIN
Berkeley: Oyez, 1973
First edition, paperback, 34 pages, 500 copies

Palmer, Doug.  IN QUIRE
Berkeley: Oyez, 1973
First edition, paperback, 56 pages, 650 copies

Cebulski, F.J. CORM
Berkeley: Oyez, 1974
A. Paperback, 59 pages, 750 copies
B. Hardcover, 59 pages, 250 copies

Hill, Lindsay. AVELAVAL
Berkeley: Oyez, 1974
A. First edition, paperback, 59 pages, 500 copies
B. First edition, hardcover, 59 pages, 250 copies

Meltzer, David. BLUE RAGS
Berkeley: Oyez, 1974
A. First edition, paperback, 25 pages, 1000 copies
B. First edition, hardcover, 25 pages, 250 copies

Everson, William. ARCHETYPE WEST: THE PACIFIC COAST AS A LITERARY REGION
Berkeley: Oyez, 1975
A. First edition, paperback, 181 pages, 1000 copies
B. First edition, hardcover, 181 pages, 500 copies

Fabilli, Mary. THE ANIMAL KINGDOM: POEMS & DRAWINGS
Berkeley: Oyez, 1975
First edition, paperback, 69 pages, 500 copies

Meltzer, David. HARPS
Berkeley: Oyez, 1975
A. First edition, paperback, 28 pages, 500 copies
B. First edition, hardcover, 28 pages, 500 copies

Alvarado de Ricord, Elsie; Lucha Corpi, and Concha Michel. FIREFLIGHT
Berkeley: Oyez, 1976
Paperback, 109 pages, 1000 copies. Translated by Catherine Rodriguez-Nieto.

Charters, Samuel. IN LAGOS
Berkeley: Oyez, 1976
First edition, paperback, 15 pages, 600 copies.

Everson, William. RIVER-ROOT
Berkeley: Oyez, 1976
A. First edition, paperback, 45 pages, 1000 copies
B. First edition, hardcover, 45 pages 250 copies, numbered and signed

Garcia, Luis. BEANS
Berkeley: Oyez, 1976
First edition, paperback, 67 pages, 1000 copies

Morrison, Rusane. SUMMER PATCHWORK
Berkeley: Oyez, 1976
First edition, paperback, 24 pages, 500 copies

Meltzer, David. TWO-WAY MIRROR
Berkeley: Oyez, 1977
A. First edition, paperback, 149 pages, 1000 copies
B. First edition, hardcover, 149 pages, 500 copies

Canan, Janine. OF YOUR SEED
Berkeley: Oyez, 1977
Paperback, 60 pages, 500 copies.

Clark, Naomi. BURGLARIES AND CELEBRATIONS
Berkeley: Oyez, 1977
A. First edition, paperback, 80 pages, 750 copies.
B. First edition, hardcover, 80 pages, 250 copies.
Foreword by William Everson.

Dean, Robert. DINNER AT MME
Berkeley: Oyez, 1977
A. First edition, paperback, 40 pages, 1000 copies.
B. First edition, hardcover, 40 pages, 50 copies, numbered and signed

Gitin, David. LEGWORK
Berkeley: Oyez, 1977
A. First edition, paperback, 59 pages, 950 copies
B. First edition, hardcover, 59 pages, 50 copies, numbered and signed

Lummis, Dayton. CLOSETS OF MERCY
Berkeley: Oyez, 1977
First edition, paperback, 33 pages, 500 copies

Korn, Richard. THE JUDGMENT OF THE CONDOR
Berkeley: Oyez, 1978
A. First edition, paperback, 80 pages, 500 copies
B. First edition, hardcover, 80 pages, 250 copies

Korte, Mary Norbert. MAMMALS OF DELIGHT
Berkeley: Oyez, 1978
A. First edition, paperback, 37 pages, 550 copies
B. First edition, hardcover, 37 pages, 50 copies, numbered and signed

Charters, Samuel. OF THOSE WHO DIED
Berkeley: Oyez, 1980
First edition, paperback, 22 pages, 1000 copies.

Everson, William. EARTH POETRY
Berkeley: Oyez, 1980
A. First edition, paperback, 251 pages, 1000 copies
b. First edition, hardcover, 251 pages, 500 copies

Hiller, Tobey. CROSSINGS
Berkeley: Oyez, 1980
First edition, paperback, 17 pages, 600 copies

Korn, Richard and Brugnola Orlanda. JOB
Berkeley: Oyez, 1981
First edition, paperback, 22 pages, 1000 copies

Hiller, Tobey. CERTAIN WEATHERS
Berkeley: Oyez, 1987
First edition, paperback, 62 pages, 500 copies

Charters, Samuel. A COUNTRY YEAR
Berkeley: Oyez, 1992
First edition, paperback, 140 pages, 1000 copies.

 

Four Seasons Foundation

Donald Merriam Allen (Iowa, 1912 – San Francisco, August 29, 2004) was an influential editor, publisher, and translator of contemporary American literature. He is perhaps best known for his project The New American Poetry 1945-1960 (Grove Press, 1960), a seminal anthology that introduced a revolutionary new generation of postwar poetry that was to change the course of American literature.

In 1960, Allen moved from New York to San Francisco, where he established Grey Fox and the Four Seasons Foundation, two significant literary presses where he continued to publish work from Beat, San Francisco Renaissance, Black Mountain, and New York School writers, as well as younger new voices.  Among the authors were Richard Brautigan, Robert Creeley, Edward Dorn, Robert Duncan, Jack Kerouac, Joanne Kyger, Philip Lamantia, Frank O’Hara, Charles Olson, John Rechy, Aaron Shurin, Gary Snyder, Jack Spicer, Lew Welch, and Philip Whalen.


Four Seasons Foundation, A Preliminary Checklist

Welch, Lew. STEP OUT ONTO THE PLANET
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation 1963
First edition, broadside, 9.5″ x 12.5″, 300 copies, signed. Printed for the occasion of a reading at Longshoreman’s Hall, San Francisco, June 12, 1964

Whalen, Philip. THREE MORNINGS
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation 1963
First edition, broadside, 9.5″ x 12.5″, 300 copies, signed. Printed for the occasion of a reading at Longshoreman’s Hall, San Francisco, June 12, 1964

Snyder, Gary. NANAO KNOWS
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation 1964
First edition, broadside, 9.5″ x 12.5″, 300 copies, signed. Printed for the occasion of a reading at Longshoreman’s Hall, San Francisco, June 12, 1964

Olson, Charles. A BIBLIOGRAPHY ON AMERICA FOR ED DORN
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation (1964)
First edition, saddle-stapled wrappers, 6″ x 8″, 16 pages.
Published as Writing 1

Dorn, Edward; Rumaker, Michael; Tallman, Warren. PROSE 1
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1964
First edition, saddle-stapled wrappers, 36 pages
Published as Writing 2

[anthology]. 12 Poets & 1 Painter
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1964
First edition, saddle-stapled wrappers, 32 pages. Contributors include: LeRoi Jones, Joanne Kyger, Robert Creeley, Denise Levertov, Lawrence Ferlinghetti, Robert Duncan, Gary Snyder, Lew Welch, Allen Ginsberg, Charles Olson, Max Finstein, Bruce Boyd, and Jess Collins
Published as Writing 3

Loewinsohn, Ron. AGAINST THE SILENCES TO COME
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1965
A. stapled wrappers, 7.75″ x 9.75″, (16 pages), 1000 copies
B. stapled wrappers, 7.75″ x 9.75″, (16 pages), 26 lettered and signed copies
Published as Writing 4

Kyger, Joanne. THE TAPESTRY AND THE WEB
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1965
A. paperback, 61 pages
B. hardcover, 61 pages
Published as Writing 5

Olson, Charles. PROPRIOCEPTION
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1965
First edition, saddle-stapled wrappers, 18 pages
Published as Writing 6

Snyder, Gary. RIPRAP & COLD MOUNTAIN POEMS
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1965
stapled wrappers, 7.75″ x 9.75″, 50 pages
Published as Writing 7

Welch, Lew. HERMIT POEMS
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1965
A. First edition, saddle-stapled wrappers, 16 pages, 974 copies
B. First edition, saddle-stapled wrappers, 16 pages, 26 numbered and signed copies
Published as Writing 8

Snyder, Gary. SIX SECTIONS FROM MOUNTAINS AND RIVERS WITHOUT END
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1965
stapled wrappers, 42 pages, 1000 copies
Published as Writing 9

Koller, James. THE DOGS & OTHER DARK WOODS
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1966
A. stapled wrappers, 33 pages, 1000 copies
B. hardcover, 33 pages, 26 copies, numbered signed
Published as Writing 10

McClure, Michael. LOVE LION BOOK
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1966
A. stapled wrappers, 24 pages, 1000 copies
B. hardcover, 24 pages, 40 copies, numbered, signed
Published as Writing 11

Writing 12 [?]

Olson, Charles. STOCKING CAP: A STORY
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1966
stapled wrappers, 15 pages
Published as Writing 13

Brautigan, Richard. TROUT FISHING IN AMERICA
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1967
paperback
Published as Writing 14

Hadley, Drummond. THE WEBBING
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1967
stapled wrappers, 52 pages, 500 copies
Published as Writing 15

McClure, Michael. THE SERMONS OF JEAN HARLOW & THE CURSES OF BILLY THE KID
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation with Dave Haselwood Books, 1968
A. First edition, saddle-stapled wrappers, 1200 copies

Olson, Charles. CAUSAL MYTHOLOGY
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1969
A. paperback, 40 pages
B. hardcover, 40 pages
Published as Writing 16

Blaser, Robin. CUPS
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1968
A. stapled wrappers, 24 pages, 1000 copies
B. hardcover, 24 pages, 40 copies, numbered, signed
Published as Writing 17

McClure, Michael. GHOST TANTRAS
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1969
paperback

Writing 18 [?]

Upton, Charles. TIME RAID
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1969
stapled wrappers, 30 pages
Published as Writing 19

Brautigan, Richard. THE PILL VERSUS THE SPRINGHILL MINE DISASTER
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1968
A. paperback, 108 pages
B. hardcover, 108 pages, 50 copies, numbered, signed
Published as Writing 20

Brautigan, Richard. IN WATERMELON SUGAR
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1968
A. paperback, 138 pages
B. hardcover, 138 pages, 50 copies, numbered, signed
Published as Writing 21

Creeley, Robert. A Quick Graph: Collected Notes & Essays
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1969
A. paperback, 365 pages, 1000 copies
B. hardcover, 365 pages
C. hardcover in dust jacket, 365 pages
Published as Writing 22.

Creeley, Robert. THE CHARM: EARLY AND UNCOLLECTED POEMS
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1969
A. paperback, 97 pages
B. hardcover, 97 pages
C. hardcover, 97 pages, 100 copies, numbered, signed
Published as Writing 23

Whalen, Philip. SEVERANCE PAY
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1970
A. paperback, 51 pages
B. paperback, 51 pages, 50 copies, numbered, signed
Published as Writing 24

Lamantia , Philip. THE BLOOD OF THE AIR
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1970
A. paperback, 45 pages
B. hardcover, 45 pages, 50 copies, numbered, signed
Published as Writing 25

Millward, Pamela. MOTHER: A NOVEL OF REVOLUTION
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1970
A. paperback, 57 pages
Published as Writing 26

Olson, Charles. POETRY AND TRUTH
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1971
A. paperback, 75 pages
B. hardcover, 75 pages
Published as Writing 27

Schaff, David. THE MOON BY DAY
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1971
paperback, 114 pages
Published as Writing 28

Herd, Dale. EARLY MORNING WIND AND OTHER STORIES
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1972
paperback
Published as Writing 29

Snyder, Gary. MANZANITA
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1972
paperback

Creeley, Robert. CONTEXTS OF POETRY: INTERVIEWS 1961-1971
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1973
paperback, 214 pages
Published as Writing 30

Olson, Charles. ADDITIONAL PROSE: A BIBLIOGRAPHY ON AMERICA, PROPRIOCEPTION, & OTHER NOTES & ESSAYS
Bolinas: Four Seasons Foundation, 1974
A. paperback, 109 pages
B. hardcover, 109 pages
Published as Writing 31

Lamantia, Philip. TOUCH OF THE MARVELOUS
Bolinas: Four Seasons Foundation, 1974
A. paperback, 47 pages
B. hardcover, 47 pages
Published as Writing 32

Whalen, Philip. THE KINDNESS OF STRANGERS: POEMS 1969-1974
Bolinas: Four Seasons Foundation, 1976
paperback, 57 pages
Published as Writing 33

Dorn, Edward. THE COLLECTED POEMS 1956-1974
Bolinas: Four Seasons Foundation, 1975
A. paperback, 277 pages
B. hardcover, 277 pages
Published as Writing 34

Olson, Charles. MUTHOLOGOS; COLLECTED LETTERS & INTERVIEWS 
Bolinas: Four Seasons Foundation, 1979
A. paperback, 230 pages, 2 volumes
B. hardcover, 230 pages, 2 volumes
Published as Writing 35

Olson, Charles. THE FIERY HUNT AND OTHER PLAYS
Bolinas: Four Seasons Foundation, 1977
paperback, 125 pages
Published as Writing 36

Whalen, Philip. OFF THE WALL: INTERVIEWS WITH PHILIP WHALEN
Bolinas: Four Seasons Foundation, 1978
paperback, 88 pages
Published as Writing 37

Dorn, Edward. INTERVIEWS
Bolinas: Four Seasons Foundation, 1980
paperback, 117 pages
Published as Writing 38

Creeley, Robert. WAS THAT A REAL POEM & OTHER ESSAYS
Bolinas: Four Seasons Foundation 1979
A. paperback, 149 pages
B. hardcover, 149 pages
Published as Writing 39

Dorn, Edward. VIEWS
Bolinas: Four Seasons Foundation, 1980
A. paperback, 142 pages
B. hardcover, 142 pages
Published as Writing 40

Gluck, Robert. ELEMENTS OF A COFFEE SERVICE
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1982
paperback, 97 pages
Published as Writing 41

Whalen, Philip. HEAVY BREATHING: POEMS 1967-1980
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1983
paperback, 207 pages
Published as Writing 42

Shurin, Aaron. THE GRACES
San Francisco: Four Seasons Foundation, 1983
paperback, 72 pages


References consulted:

Bohn, Dave. OYEZ: THE AUTHORIZED CHECKLIST
Berkeley: n.p., 1997

Hawley, Bob. CHECKLISTS OF SEPARATE PUBLICATIONS OF POETS AT THE FIRST BERKELEY POETRY CONFERENCE 1965
Berkeley: Oyez/Cody’s, 1965

Johnston, Alastair. A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE AUERHAHN PRESS & ITS SUCCESSOR DAVE HASELWOOD BOOKS
Berkeley: Poltroon Press, 1976

Lepper, Gary M. A BIBLIOGRAPHICAL INTRODUCTION TO SEVENTY-FIVE MODERN AMERICAN AUTHORS
Berkeley: Serendipity Books, 1976

White Rabbit Press

IMG_3062From 1957-1968, the White Rabbit Press published sixty-three books and ten broadsides. It was the primary publisher of the work of Spicer, Robin Blaser, and Robert Duncan—the three central figures of the literary movement first known as the Berkeley Renaissance, and later as the San Francisco Renaissance. 

Founded by Joe Dunn in 1957 to print the poetry of the Jack Spicer Circle, the first ten books were printed surreptitiously on a multilith at the Greyhound Bus offices on 7th street in San Francisco. These early books were illustrated by Jess, Robert Duncan, and Kenn Davis.

After a four-year hiatus, the imprint was revived in 1962 by Graham Mackintosh with Spicer’s LAMENT FOR THE MAKERS, which was published in a small edition of less than 100 copies and illustrated by Mackintosh.  (more…)

White Rabbit Press

IMG_3062From 1957-1968, the White Rabbit Press published sixty-three books and ten broadsides. It was the primary publisher of the work of Spicer, Robin Blaser, and Robert Duncan—the three central figures of the literary movement first known as the Berkeley Renaissance, and later as the San Francisco Renaissance. 

Founded by Joe Dunn in 1957 to print the poetry of the Jack Spicer Circle, the first ten books were printed surreptitiously on a multilith at the Greyhound Bus offices on 7th street in San Francisco. These early books were illustrated by Jess, Robert Duncan, and Kenn Davis.

After a four-year hiatus, the imprint was revived in 1962 by Graham Mackintosh with Spicer’s LAMENT FOR THE MAKERS, which was published in a small edition of less than 100 copies and illustrated by Mackintosh.


1. Jonas, Steve. LOVE, THE POEM, THE SEA AND OTHER PIECES EXAMINED
jonas_loveSan Francisco: White Rabbit Press, November 1957
First edition, sewn printed wrappers, 6.5″ x 8.5″, 12 pages, 200 copies. Cover illustration by Jess.
(Johnston A1)


2. Spicer, Jack. AFTER LORCA
spicer_lorcaSan Francisco: White Rabbit Press, November & December 1957
First edition, saddle-stapled printed wrappers, 6.5″ x 8.5″, 76 pages, 500 copies (26 lettered and signed). Jack Spicer’s first book. Cover illustration by Jess. Introduction by Federico Garcia Lorca.
(Johnston A2)

3. Levertov, Denise. FIVE POEMS
levertov_fiveSan Francisco: White Rabbit Press, January 1958
First edition, sewn printed wrappers, 6.5″ x 8.5″, 12 pages, (200 copies). Cover illustration by Jess.
(Johnston A3)

4. Borregaard, Ebbe. THE WAPITIS
borregaard_wapitisSan Francisco: White Rabbit Press, January 1958
First edition, sewn printed wrappers, 6.5″ x 8.5″, 12 pages, (200 copies). Ebbe Borregaard’s first book. Cover illustration by Robert Duncan.
(Johnston A4)

5. Stanley, George. THE LOVE ROOT
stanley_loveSan Francisco: White Rabbit Press, January 1958
First edition, sewn printed wrappers, 6.5″ x 8.5″, 12 pages, (200 copies). George Stanley’s first book. Cover illustration by Robert Duncan.
(Johnston A5)

6. Duncan, Robert. FAUST FOUTU ACT 1
duncan_faustSan Francisco: White Rabbit Press, March 1958
First edition, sewn printed wrappers, 6.5″ x 8.5″, 20 pages, 300 copies.
(Johnston A6)



7. Dull, Harold. THE BIRD POEMS
dull_birdSan Francisco: White Rabbit Press, May 1958
First edition, sewn printed wrappers, 6.5″ x 8.5″, 16 pages, 200 copies. Harold Dull’s first book. Cover illustration by Nugent.
(Johnston A7)


8. Brautigan, Richard. THE GALILEE HITCH-HIKER
brautigan_galileeSan Francisco: White Rabbit Press, May 1958
First edition, sewn printed wrappers, 6.5″ x 8.5″, 6 pages, 200 copies. Cover illustration by Kenn Davis.
(Johnston A8)


9. Adam, Helen. THE QUEEN O’CROW CASTLE
adam_queenSan Francisco: White Rabbit Press, 1958
First edition, sewn printed wrappers, 6.5″ x 8.5″, 20 pages, (200 copies). Cover illustration by Jess.
(Johnston A9)


10. Olson, Charles. O’RYAN 2 4 6 8 10
olson_oryanSan Francisco: White Rabbit Press, September 1958
First edition, sewn printed wrappers, 6.5″ x 8.5″, 16 pages, 300 copies. Cover illustration by Jess.
(Johnston A10)


11. Spicer, Jack. LAMENT FOR THE MAKERS
spicer_lamentOakland: White Rabbit Press, 1962
First edition, sewn printed wrappers, 5.5″ x 8″, 16 pages, 125 copies. Cover illustration by Graham Mackintosh.
(Johnston A11)


12. Andrews, Jr., Lyman. FUGUTIVE VISIONS
andrews_fugitiveOakland: White Rabbit Press, 1962
First edition, sewn sheets bound into printed wrappers, 5.5″ x 8″, 24 pages. Illustrations by Graham Mackintosh.
(Johnston A12)


13. Dull, Harold. THE WOOD CLIMB DOWN OUT OF
dull_woodSan Francisco: White Rabbit Press, 1963
First edition, saddle-stapled illustrated wrappers, 5.5″ x 8.25″, 12 pages.
(Johnston A13)



14. Primack, Ronnie. FOR THE LATE MAJOR HORACE BELL OF THE LOS ANGELES RANGERS
primack_lateSan Francisco: White Rabbit Press, 1963
First edition, side-stapled sheets bound into printed wrappers, 6″ x 9″, 32 pages. Illustrated by Graham Mackintosh.
(Johnston A14)


15. Stanley, George. TETE ROUGE / PONY EXPRESS RIDERS
stanley_teteSan Francisco: White Rabbit Press, 1963
First edition, sheets laid into printed unbound wrappers, 6″ x 8.25″, 54 pages. Illustrated by Paul Alexander.
(Johnston A15)


16. Kearney, Lawrence. FIFTEEN POEMS
San Francisco: White Rabbit Press, 1964
First edition, saddle-stapled sheets bound into printed wrappers, 5.75″ x 9″, 20 pages. Kearney’s first book.
(Johnston A16)


17. Thorman, Janet. THE TAROT SUITE
thorman_tarotSan Francisco: White Rabbit Press, 1964
First edition, saddle-stapled sheets in printed wrappers, 5.5″ x 8.5″, 24 pages. According to Johnston, “A supplement to OPEN SPACE magazine”.
(Johnston A17)

18. Spicer, Jack and Lawrence Ferlinghetti. DEAR FERLINGHETTI
spicer_ferlingSan Francisco: White Rabbit Press, 1964
First edition, single 8.5″ x 14″ sheet folded once, letterpress.
(Johnston A19)


19. Spicer, Jack. THE HOLY GRAIL
spicer_holySan Francisco: White Rabbit Press, 1964
First edition, saddle-stapled sheets glued into printed wrappers, 6.25″ x 8.5″, 80 pages.
(Johnston A19)



20. Duncan, Robert. AS TESTIMONY
duncan_testimonySan Francisco: White Rabbit Press, 1964
First edition, saddle-stapled printed wrappers, 6″ x 9″, 24 pages, letterpress.
(Johnston A20)



21. Blaser, Robin. THE MOTH POEM
San Francisco: Open Space, 1964
First edition, side-stapled sheets bound into printed wrappers, 5.5″ x 8.25″, 32 pages, 300 copies (12 with hand-colored end papers by the author), letterpress.
(Johnston A21)

22. Dull, Harold. THE DOOR
dull_doorSan Francisco: Open Space, 1964
First edition, side-stapled sheets with printed cover sheet, 8.5″ x 11″, 58 pages.
(Johnston A22)



23. Blaser, Robin. THE MOTH POEM
San Francisco: Open Space, May 1965
Second edition
(Johnston A23)

24. Duerden, Richard. THE FORK
duerden_forkSan Francisco: Open Space, 1964
First edition, saddle-stapled sheets glued into printed french-fold wrappers, 6.75″ x 8.5″, 92 pages, 500 copies, errata sheet tipped in, letterpress.
(Johnston A24)

25. Alexander, James. ETERNATURE
alexander_eturnatureSan Francisco: Oannes-Open Space, 1965
First edition, side stapled sheets glued into printed french-fold wrappers, 7.25″ x 10.25″, 104 pages, 250 copies. Illustrated by Paul Alexander.
(Johnston A25)


26. Olson, Charles. O’RYAN 1-10
olson_oryan02San Francisco: White Rabbit Press, 1965
First edition, saddle stapled printed wrappers, 6.25″ x 8.75″, 16 pages, 1026 copies (26 lettered copies in boards), letterpress. Illustrated by Jess.
(Johnston A26)


27. Blaser, Robin. LES CHIMERES
San Francisco: Open Space, 1965
(Johnston A27)

28. Stanley, George. FLOWERS
stanley_flowersSan Francisco: White Rabbit Press, 1965
First edition, saddle-stapled printed wrappers, 5.75″ x 8.75″, 32 pages, 500 copies (26 lettered and signed in boards), letterpress.
(Johnston A28)


29. Dull, Harold. THE NIGHT OF THE PERSEIDS
San Francisco: White Rabbit Press, 1965
This title, after review by the author, was never issued.
(Johnston A29)

30. Spicer, Jack. LANGUAGE
spicer_languageSan Francisco: White Rabbit Press, 1965
First edition, perfect-bound printed wrappers, 6.25″ x 10″, 72 pages.
(Johnston A30)



31. Duncan, Robert. AS TESTIMONY
San Francisco: White Rabbit Press, 1965
Second edition, saddle-stapled printed wrappers, 6″ x 9″, 24 pages, letterpress and offset.
(Johnston A31)

32. Duncan, Robert. THE SWEETNESS AND GREATNESS OF DANTE’S DIVINE COMEDY
San Francisco: Open Space, 1965
(Johnston A32)

33. Spicer, Jack. BOOK OF MAGAZINE VERSE
spicer_magazineSan Francisco: White Rabbit Press, 1966
First edition, perfect-bound printed wrappers, 5.5″ x 7.75″, 56 pages, 1500 copies, letterpress.
(Johnston A33)



34. Ryan, John Allen. RUT
(San Francisco): Graham Mackintosh, 1966
(Johnston A34)

35. Alexander, James. THE JACK RABBIT POEM
alexander_jackSan Francisco: White Rabbit-Open Space, 1966
First edition, saddle-stapled printed wrappers, 5.5″ x 9″, 20 pages, 750 copies (26 numbered and signed in boards), letterpress.
(Johnston A35)


36. Perksy, Stan. LIVES OF THE FRENCH SYMBOLIST POETS
San Francisco: White Rabbit Press, 1966
(Johnston A36)

37. Showers, J. Anthony. THE ALIENS
San Francisco: White Rabbit Press, 1967
(Johnston A37)

38. Miles, Josephine. SAVING THE BAY
San Francisco: Open Space, 1967
(Johnston A38)

39. Dull, Harold. THE STAR YEAR
dull_starSan Francisco: White Rabbit Press, 1967
First edition, saddle-stapled printed wrappers, 6″ x 9″, 48 pages, 500 copies, letterpress. Cover illustration by Fran Herndon.
(Johnston A39)


40. Duncan, Robert. THE CAT AND THE BLACKBIRD
San Francisco: White Rabbit Press, 1967
First edition, comb-bound in illustrated wrappers, 9.25″ x 12″, 500 copies, lithograph. Illustrated by Jess.
(Johnston A40)


41. Dunn, Joe. BETTER DREAM HOUSE
dunn_betterSan Francisco: White Rabbit Press, 1968
First edition, saddle-stapled illustrated wrappers, 6.75″ x 9.25″, 32 pages, 1000 copies. Collages by Jess.
(Johnston A41)


42. Stanley, George. BEYOND LOVE
San Francisco: Open Space :: Dariel Press, 1968
First edition, saddle-stapled printed wrappers, 5.75″ x 8.5″, 36 pages, no colophon. Dedication: “for Harold Dull”.
(Johnston A42)


43. Brautigan, Richard. PLEASE PLANT THIS BOOK
San Francisco: Graham Mackintosh, 1968
First edition, folder containing 8 printed seed packets, folder measures 6.25″ x 7″, 6000 copies. Photographs by Bill Brach.
(Johnston A43)


44. Thibeau, John. AN OPEN LETTER TO CHE GUEVARA
(Johnston A44)

45. SAN FRANCISCO PUBLIC LIBRARY PRESENTS DURING AUGUST FIFTY YEARS OF GREAT PRINTING BY GRAHAM MACKINTOSH
San Francisco: Graham Mackintosh, 1968
First edition, folio sheet folded in quarter with 8-page booklet stapled inside, 6.5″ x 10″. Includes interview with Mackintosh by Robert Hawley (Oyez), the 8-page booklet lists books designed and printed by Mackintosh including titles from White Rabbit, Oyez, and Black Sparrow
(Johnston A45)

46. Chapson, James. JIM’S BOOK
White Rabbit Press, 1969
(Johnston A46)

47. Chapson, James. JIM’S BOOK
Nine Beasts Press, 1969
Second edition
(Johnston A47)

48. Spicer, Jack. A BOOK OF MUSIC
San Francisco: White Rabbit Press, 1969
First edition, saddle-stapled wrappers, 6.25″ x 9.25″, 20 pages, 1800 copies. Cover art by Graham Mackintosh. Printed by Ron and Graham Mackintosh from a typescript made available by Peter Howard. Second issue variant was 150 copies printed Christmas 1969 for “friends of White Rabbit, Oyez, and the author”.
(Johnston A48, A48a)

49. Liddy, James. A LIFE OF STEPHEN DEDALUS
White Rabbit Press, December 1969
(Johnston A49)

50. Dusenbery, Walter. THE STORY OF THE BED
Natoma Society, 1970
(Johnston A50)

51. Ryan, John Allen. UNION ONION
San Francisco: White Rabbit Press, 1970
(Johnston A51)

52. Siverley, Bill. DREAMS OF ORPHEUS
White Rabbit Press, March 1970
(Johnston A52)

53. Garcia, Luis. THE MECHANIC
White Rabbit Press, 1970
(Johnston A53)

54. Spicer, Jack. LANGUAGE
San Francisco: White Rabbit Press, 1965
Second edition
(Johnston A54)

55. Felson, Larry. BODY SONG
San Francisco: Elephant Press, April 1970
First edition, saddle-stapled printed wrappers, 5.75″ x 8.5″, 16 pages, 200 copies (13 signed and lettered by the author), letterpress. Printed by Graham’s brother Ronald Mackintosh.
(Johnston A55)

56. Scola, Eileen. TO MARY MAGDALENE
San Francisco: Elephant Press, 1970
Printed by Graham’s brother Ronald Mackintosh.
(Johnston A56)

57. Dorbin, Sandy. THE RUBY WOODS
San Francisco: White Rabbit Press, 1971
— A. First edition, perfect-bound printed wrappers, 5.75″ x 9″, 36 pages, 480 copies. Illustration by Chuck Miller.
— B. First edition, hardcover, 6″ x 9″, 36 pages, 26 numbered copies signed by the author. Illustration by Chuck Miller.
(Johnston A57)

58. Liddy, James. A MUNSTER SONG OF LOVE & WAR
San Francisco: White Rabbit Press, 1971
(Johnston A58)

59. Kearney, Lawrence. DEAD POEM
San Francisco: White Rabbit Press, 1971
(Johnston A59)

60. Thibeau, Jack. CONVERSATIONS WITH APOLLINAIRE
San Francisco: White Rabbit Press, 1972
(Johnston A60)

61. Liddy, James. BAUDELAIRE’S BAR FLOWERS
Santa Barbara: Capra Press, 1975
(Johnston A61)

62. Farquhar, David. THE BIRTH OF ISRAEL
White Rabbit Press, 1976
(Johnston A62)

63. Spicer, Jack. COLLECTED POEMS 1945-1946
White Rabbit : Oyez, 1981
(Johnston A63)


References consulted:

Alastair Johnston. A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE WHITE RABBIT PRESS
Berkeley: Poltroon Press in association with Anacapa Books, 1985