Tag Archives: Paul Blackburn

The Floating Bear

[excerpt from Steve Clay and Rodney Phillips’ A SECRET LOCATION ON THE LOWER EAST SIDE. Granary Books, 1998]:

Named for Winnie-the-Pooh’s boat made of a honey pot (“Sometimes it’s a Boat, and sometimes it’s more of an Accident”), The Floating Bear, started in February 1961, was a mimeographed “newsletter” distributed by mailing list whose mission was the speedy dissemination of new literary work. Under the editorship of Diane di Prima and LeRoi Jones (guest editors included Billy Linich [a.k.a. Billy Name], Alan Marlowe, Kirby Doyle, John Wieners, and Bill Berkson), twenty-five issues came out in the magazine’s first two years. Contributing writers included Charles Olson, Robin Blaser, Robert Creeley, Philip Whalen, Paul Blackburn, and Ed Dorn, while Ray Johnson and Wallace Berman were among the many visual artists whose work was presented. This tremendous output was due at least in part to Jones’s experience as editor at Yugen and Totem Press and to his voracious working habits. Di Prima recalls, “LeRoi could work at an incredible rate. He could read two manuscripts at a time, one with each eye. He would spread things out on the table while he was eating supper, and reject them all—listening to the news and a jazz record he was going to review, all at the same time.”

Occasionally a group would convene to put out the Bear. “In the winter of 1961–62, we held gatherings at my East Fourth Street pad every other Sunday. There was a regular marathon ball thing going on there for a few issues. Whole bunches of people would come over to help: painters, musicians, a whole lot of outside help. The typing on those particular issues was done by James Waring, who’s a choreographer and painter. Cecil Taylor ran the mimeograph machine, and Fred Herko and I collated, and we all addressed envelopes.” One of the recipients of Bear 9 was Harold Carrington, a poet who was in prison in New Jersey. The censor read his mail and objected to the contents of the issue, which included Jones’s The System of Dante’s Hell and William S. Burroughs’s Routine. Jones and di Prima were subsequently arrested on obscenity charges on October 18, 1961. Di Prima remembers, “I heard a knock on my door early in the morning which I didn’t answer because I never open my door early in the morning in New York City. In the morning in New York City is only trouble. It’s the landlords, it’s Con Edison, it’s the police, it’s your neighbors wanting to know why you made so much noise last night, it’s something awful, and before noon I never open my door.” There was a grand jury hearing, but after Jones’s two-day testimony, they failed to return an indictment. Jones resigned from The Floating Bear in 1963 after issue 25. Di Prima moved briefly to California in 1962 and the magazine came out irregularly over the next several years, culminating in a very large issue in 1971 guest-edited by Allen De Loach in Buffalo. It was called The Intrepid-Bear Issue: Intrepid 20/Floating Bear 38.


Online Resources:

· Reality Studio – Floating Bear Archive

Carl Larsen – Contributions to Books and Anthologies

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SECTION B:
This index includes contributions to books and anthologies

1. FOUR NEW POETS, edited by Leslie Woolf Hedley
brautigan_fourSan Francisco: Inferno Press, 1957
First edition, perfect-bound illustrated wrappers, 5.5″ x 8″, 34 pages, Contributors include Martin Hoberman, Carl Larsen, Richard Brautigan, and James M. Singer. Brautigan’s first book appearance.

2. EYE POEMS, edited by E.V. Griffith
Eureka: Hearse Press, (c. 1960)
First edition, saddle-stapled wrappers in illustrated wrappers, 5.5″ x 8.5″, 16 pages, 100 numbered copies. Contributors include Farley Gay, James M. Singer, Kenneth Lawrence Beaudoin, Carl Larsen, E.V. Griffith, Charles Shaw, Shirley Summerfruct, Mason Jordan Mason.

3. BEAT GENERATION COOK-BOOK, edited by Carl Larsen and James M. Singer Jr.
New York: 7 Poets Press, 1961
First edition, saddle-stapled sheets tipped in to illustrated wrappers, 5.75″ x 8.75″, 36 pages, offset printed. Includes printed ads for other 7 Poets Press books including Bukowski’s Longshot Poems for Broke Players.

4. 3 ONE ACT PLAYS, edited by Chris Torrance
Torrance: Hors Commerce Press, July 1964
First edition, side-stapled sheets in printed cover with library-tape binding, 8.5″ x 11″, 150 numbered copies. Contributors include Kirby Congdon, Carl Larsen, d.a. levy. (Lowell A9)


5. IN A TIME OF REVOLUTION: POEMS FROM OUR THIRD WORLD, edited by Walter Lowenfels
New York: Vinatage Books, 1969
First edition, paperback original. Contributiors include: Carol Berge, Paul Blackburn, Grace Butcher, Diane Di Prima, Will Inman, Allen Katzman, Bob Kaufman, Tuli Kupferberg, Carl Larsen, d.a. levy, Clarence Major, David Meltzer, George Montgomery, Margaret Randall, Steven Richmond, Ed Sanders, William Wantling.

The Divers Press Checklist

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A. Books published by The Divers Press:

1. Blackburn, Paul. PROENSA
First edition:
Palma de Mallorca: The Divers Press, June 1953
Hand-sewn and bound into illustrated wrappers, 56 pages, 7.25″ x 11″, hand-set and printed by Mossén Alcover. (Woodward A18)

In the Divers Press Prospectus, Robert Creeley writes, “Proensa is a bilingual edition of the work of seven Troubadours (including Piere Vidal, Sordello, and Bertran de Born). So far as we know, it is the only book of its kind now available. The re-creation of a past time is never very simple, or as Blackburn wrote: ‘Pride, interest, self-love were all sins then. Today they have been transformed into virtues… All this means a problem in poetic craft, if one is so perverse as to attempt translation of medieval languages.’ Blackburn’s attempt succeeds in giving us poetry, not a trot.”

2. Creeley, Robert. THE KIND OF ACT OF
First edition:
Palma de Mallorca: The Divers Press, May 1953
Hand-sewn and bound into illustrated wrappers, 6.25” x 7.25”, 24 pages, 250 copies, hand-set and printed by Mossén Alcover. Cover by René Laubiès. (Novik A2)

In the Divers Press Prospectus, Robert Creeley writes, “The Kind of Act of is a collection of those poems written since the publication of Le Fou. I don’t know that they are better or worse, etc., but they came out of a time which was difficult, and needed statement of a kind which could hold both myself and them. The forms are, for the most part, tighter, i.e., more condensed.”

3. Eigner, Larry. FROM THE SUSTAINING AIR
First edition:
Palma de Mallorca: The Divers Press, July 1953
Hand-sewn and bound into illustrated wrappers, 6.75” x 9”, 16 pages, 250 copies, hand-set and printed by Mossén Alcover. Cover by René Laubiès. (Wyatt A2)

An excerpt from a letter to Robert Creeley from William Carlos Williams upon receiving Eigner’s FROM THE SUSTAINING AIR: “Eigner’s book is charming. I haven’t got such a relaxed feeling from anything in years. There is no tension whatever, but a feeling of eternity. It is hard to say how he achieved this in the world today. As far as I can see it comes from a perfect ear… Let me see anything he writes, it is contagious…”

4. Olson, Charles. MAYAN LETTERS
First edition:
Palma de Mallorca: The Divers Press, January 1954
Sewn and perfect-bound in illustrated wrappers, 92 pages, 6.5″ x 8.5″, hand-set and printed by Mossén Alcover. Preface by Robert Creeley. Contains 17 letters from Charles Olson to Robert Creeley written between February 18 and July 1, 1951. (Butterick & Glover A9)

In the Divers Press Prospectus, Robert Creeley writes, “Mayan Letters… is an altogether rare instance of culture morphology at work. It insists on the full complex of attentions involved, and proves no art can sustain itself free of a basic human contact. Which comments belie, perhaps, the intensely human character of the letters themselves.”

5. Layton, Irving. IN THE MIDST OF MY FEVER
Palma de Mallorca: The Divers Press, February 1954
(Bennett & Polson A6)

6. Creeley, Robert. THE GOLD DIGGERS
First edition:
Palma de Mallorca: The Divers Press, February 1954
Sewn and perfect-bound in illustrated wrappers, 144 pages, 5” x 6.75”, 500 copies, hand-set and printed by Mossén Alcover. Cover by René Laubiès. (Novik A4)

7. Seymour-Smith, Martin. ALL DEVILS FADING
Palma de Mallorca: The Divers Press, Spring 1954

8. Macklin, H.P. A HANDBOOK OF FANCY PIGEONS
Palma de Mallorca: The Divers Press, May 1954

9. Kitasono, Katsué. BLACK RAIN: POEMS & DRAWINGS
First edition:
Palma de Mallorca: The Divers Press, August 1954


10. Creeley, Robert. A SNARLING GARLAND OF XMAS VERSES
First edition:
Palma de Mallorca: The Divers Press, 1954
100 copies, published anonymously (Novik A5)

11. Woolf, Douglas. THE HYPOCRITIC DAYS
Palma de Mallorca: The Divers Press, January 1955

12. Blackburn, Paul. THE DISSOLVING FABRIC
First edition:
Palma de Mallorca: The Divers Press, March 1955
Sewn and perfect-bound in illustrated wrappers, 24 pages, 6.5” x 8”, hand-set and printed by Mossén Alcover. Cover by Dan Rice with silkscreen reporduction by Arthur Okamura. (Woodward A1)

13. Duncan, Robert. CAESAR’S GATE: POEMS 1949–1950
a. First edition, regular copies:
Palma de Mallorca: Divers Press, September 1955
Sewn and perfect-bound in illustrated wrappers, 24 pages, 6.75” x 8.75”, 200 copies, hand-set and printed by Mossén Alcover. Illustrated by Jess Collins. (Bertholf A8a)

b. First edition, numbered copies:
Palma de Mallorca: Divers Press, September 1955
Sewn and perfect-bound in illustrated wrappers, 24 pages, 6.75” x 8.75”, 10 copies, hand-set and printed by Mossén Alcover. Illustrated by Jess Collins. (Bertholf A8b)

c. First edition, lettered copies:
Palma de Mallorca: Divers Press, September 1955
Sewn and perfect-bound in illustrated wrappers, 24 pages, 6.75” x 8.75”, 3 copies, hand-set and printed by Mossén Alcover. Illustrated by Jess Collins. (Bertholf A8c)


B. Books designed and printed by The Divers Press:

1. Olson, Charles. IN COLD HELL, IN THICKET
Palma de Mallorca: The Divers Press, February 1953
Sewn and perfect-bound in illustrated wrappers, 62 pages, 7” x 8.5”, 500 copies, hand-set and printed by Mossén Alcover. Published as Origin 8 (Winter 1953) as part of the first series of Cid Corman’s long-running magazine. (Butterick & Glover A7)

2. Corman, Cid. THE PRECISIONS
New York: Sparrow Press, March 1955

3. Layton, Irving. THE BLUE PROPELLER
Montreal: Contact Press, 1955


C. The Divers Press ephemera:

1. PROSPECTUS OF THE DIVERS PRESS
Palma de Mallorca: The Divers Press, 1953
Single sheet measuring 13.75″ x 6″ folded twice to make a 6-page booklet, letterpress printed by Mossén Alcover. (Novik 101)

Note by Creeley: “Printing is cheap in Mallorca, and for a small press like our own it means freedom from commercial pressures. It means, too, that we can design our books in a way that we want, since they are handset and made with an almost forgotten sense of craft. Above all, it is our chance to print what we actually like and believe in.” Creeley goes on to list several titles, the first four from the press, noting prices and distributors.

2. NEW BOOKS CATALOG
Palma de Mallorca: The Divers Press, Spring 1954
Single sheet measuring 4.75″ x 11.5″ folded twice to make a 6-page booklet, letterpress printed by Mossén Alcover.

Lists multiple forthcoming and previously published books by The Divers Press and includes names and addresses of distributors including Black Mountain College and Raymond Souster in Toronto.

3. CAESAR’S GATE PROSPECTUS
Black Mountain: Black Mountain College, 1955
Single sheet measuring 4.25″ x 6.25″, letterpress printed.

Text from Robert Duncan and Jess Collins holograph noting the various issues, limitations, and prices of the forthcoming book.


References consulted:

Bennett, Joy and James Polson. IRVING LAYTON: A BIBLIOGRAPHY 1935-1977
Montreal: Concordia University Libraries, 1979

Bertholf, Robert J. ROBERT DUNCAN: A DESCRIPTIVE BIBLIOGRAPHY
Santa Rosa: Black Sparrow Press, 1986

Butterick, George F. and Albert Glover. A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF WORKS BY CHARLES OLSON
New York: The Phoenix Book Shop, 1967

Clay, Steven and Rodney Phillips. A SECRET LOCATION ON THE LOWER EAST SIDE: Adventures in Writing, 1960-1980
New York: New York Public Library / Granary Books, 1998

Novik, Mary. ROBERT CREELEY, AN INVENTORY 1945-1970
Kent: The Kent State University Press, 1973

Woodward, Kathleet. DOCUMENTS FOR NEW POERTY II: PAUL BLACKBURN: A CHECKLIST
San Diego: Archive for New Poetry, 1980

Wyatt, Andrea. A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF WORKS BY LARRY EIGNER, 1937-1969
Berkeley: Oyez, 1970

The Divers Press

Prospectus of The Divers Press. Palma de Mallorca, 1953

Divers Press Checklist


[excerpt from Steve Clay and Rodney Phillips’ A SECRET LOCATION ON THE LOWER EAST SIDE. Granary Books, 1998]

Raising pigeons and chickens on a farm in Littleton, New Hampshire, Robert Creeley heard, through “a fluke of airwaves,” poet Cid Corman’s weekly radio program from Boston, “This Is Poetry.” Inspired, Creeley read on the program during a weekend in 1950 when he was showing chickens at the Boston poultry show. And so began a network of literary friendships that inspired a generation of poets (“A knows B, B knows C, and there begins to be increasing focus. And I think that we were curiously lucky that that focus was not literally a question of whether we were all living together or not.”). Galvanized, Creeley tried unsuccessfully to start his own little magazine, but ended up giving Cid Corman at Origin much of the material he had collected, including work by Denise Levertov, Paul Blackburn, and Charles Olson, to whom the first issue of Origin was devoted.

Against this background it is not surprising that Creeley, called “The Figure of Outward” by Olson, whom he met through Corman, would himself venture forth as a publisher in 1953 with Martin Seymour-Smith’s All Devils Fading. In addition to two volumes by Paul Blackburn and one each by Larry Eigner and Robert Duncan, in 1954 Creeley issued a volume of poems by Canadian poet Irving Layton and Japanese poet Katué Kitasono’s self-translated poems, Black Rain. The last volume he published, in 1955, was American novelist Douglas Woolf’s “painful rite of passage,” The Hypocritic Days. Creeley published his own The Kind of Act of in 1953 and A Snarling Garland of Xmas Verses and The Gold Diggers, both in 1954. In 1982, Creeley wistfully remembered the serious, edgy nature of the press: “I don’t recall that the Divers Press paid anybody anything—it was my first wife’s modest income that kept any of it going—and so our choices had to be limited to writers as existentially defined as ourselves.”

“What I felt was the purpose of the press has much to do with my initial sense of [The Black Mountain Review] also. For me, and the other writers who came to be involved, it was a place defined by our own activity and accomplished altogether by ourselves—a place wherein we might make evident what we, as writers, had found to be significant, both for ourselves and for that world—no doubt often vague to us indeed—we hoped our writing might enter… there had to be both a press and a magazine absolutely specific to one’s own commitments and possibilities. Nothing short of that was good enough.”

— Robert Creeley, Introduction to the AMS Press reprint (1969) of The Black Mountain Review

— Steve Clay and Rodney Phillips in A SECRET LOCATION ON THE LOWER EAST SIDE (Granary Books, 1998)

 

d.a. levy: Publications Edited and Published

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Section D:
This index includes publication edited and published by d.a. levy (excluding periodicals and serial publications: see Section E)


1. levy, d.a. FRAGMENTS OF A SHATTERED MIRROR
levy_fragmentsFirst edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1963
Saddle-stapled in printed wrappers, 5.5″ x 8.5″, 44 pages, 100 numbered and signed copies, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. The poet’s first book. (Lowell A2, T&H P-01)

2. levy, d.a. VARIATIONS ON FLIP
First edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1963
Saddle-stapled in printed wrappers, 5.5″ x 8.5″, 36 pages, 100 numbered and signed copies, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. (Lowell A1, T&H P-02)

3. levy, d.a. MORE WITHDRAWED OR LESS
levy_morewithFirst edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1963
Saddle-stapled in printed wrappers, 5.5″ x 8.5″, 36 pages, 100 numbered and signed copies, letterpress printed in multiple colors by d.a. levy.
(Lowell A3, T&H P-03)

4. Beck, George Robert. DREAMS AT THE TEA-TABLE
First edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1963
Saddle-stapled in printed wrappers, 5.5″ x 8.5″, 32 pages, 100 numbered copies, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. (T&H P-04)


5. Billera, Jau. PURGATORY AND CAROUSELS
First edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1963
Saddle-stapled in printed and illustrated wrappers, 5.5″ x 8.5″, 40 pages, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. Cover art by d.a. levy. This Renegade Press edition reprints the first section titled Purgatory and Carousels from the Free Lance Press edition of the same title printed in 1963; this edition also adds a new section, not in the first, titled Carousels. (T&H P-05)

6. Morris, Richard Allen. BRUSHED POEMS & A LITTLE PUTSCH
First edition thus, second printing:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1963
Saddle-stapled in printed and illustrated wrappers, 5.5″ x 8.5″, 24 pages, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. Cover art by d.a. levy. Second printing after a self-published first printing by Morris in Pacific Beach, California. (T&H P-06)

7. Atkins, Russell. OBJECTS 2
First edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1963
Saddle-stapled in printed and illustrated wrappers, 5.5″ x 8.5″, 28 pages, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. Cover art by d.a. levy. This Renegade Press edition includes three poems that appear in Objects (Eureka: Hearse Press, 1960) but is otherwise a different collection. (T&H P-07)

8. Czaban, Jr., Lester. NIGHT GARDEN
First edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1963
Postcard, 3″ x 5″, letterpress printed and with a block print by d.a. levy. (T&H P-09)
[not in archive]

9. levy, d.a. A STUDY IN AERODYNAMICS
First edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1963
Postcard, 3″ x 5″, letterpress printed and with a block print by d.a. levy. (T&H P-10)

10. levy, d.a. THREE LEGGED INTROVERT
First edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1963
Postcard, 3″ x 5″, letterpress printed and with a block print by d.a. levy. (T&H P-11)

11. levy, d.a. ANKARA
First edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1963
Postcard, 3″ x 5″, letterpress printed and with a block print by d.a. levy. (T&H P-12)

12. levy, d.a. HAPPY HIROSHIMA DAY
First edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1963
Single card folded once. (T&H P-13)
[not in archive]

13. Taylor, Kent. SELECTED POEMS OF KENT TAYLOR
First edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1963
Saddle-stapled in printed and illustrated wrappers, 5.5″ x 8.5″, 20 pages, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. Cover art by d.a. levy. (T&H P-14)


14. Heckman, Carl. CORNPONETONEPOME
levy_ cornponeFirst edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1963
Saddle-stapled in printed wrappers, 5″ x 7.5″, 20 pages, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. (T&H P-15)



15. levy, d.a. MORE WITHDRAWED OR LESS
Second printing revised:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1963
Saddle-stapled in printed wrappers, 5.5″ x 8.5″, 21 pages, 100 copies, signed, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. This printing includes poems in a different sequence than the first printing and some additions and omissions. (Lowell A4, T&H P-16)

16. Atkins, Russell. OBJECTS 2
Second edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1964
Saddle-stapled in printed wrappers, 5.5″ x 8.5″, 20 pages, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. Second Renegade Press printing with sequence of poems changed from first printing, plus one added poem.
(T&H P-17)

17. Berge, Carol. THE VULNERABLE ISLAND
First edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1964
Side-stapled in printed wrappers, 5.5″ x 8.5″, 20 pages, 105 copies, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. Dedication: “for E.R. Lyon”. (T&H P-18)


18. Crews, Judson. SELECTED POEMS
First edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1964
Side-stapled in printed wrappers, 4.75″ x 7″, 16 pages, 100 copies, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. Block prints by Lester Czaban Jr. (T&H P-19)


19. Katzman, Allan. THE BLOODLETTING
First edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1964
Side-stapled in printed wrappers, 5.5″ x 6.5″, 16 pages, 100 copies, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. (T&H P-20)


20. Konyecsni, John. BIRDS
First edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1964
Postcard, 3″ x 5″, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. Block print by John Konyecsni. (T&H P-21)
[not in archive]

21. Czaban Jr., Lester. STEALING
First edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1964
Postcard, 3″ x 5″, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. Block print by Lester Czaban, Jr. (T&H P-23)



22. Levey, Charlene. ECSTATIC NOMAD
First edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1964
Postcard, 3″ x 5″, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. Block print by Charlene Levey. (T&H P-24)
[not in archive]

23. Salamon, Russell. THE TRIAL
First edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1964
Postcard, 3″ x 5″, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. Block print by Russell Salamon. (T&H P-25)
[not in archive]

24. Keys, John. KEY’S
First edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1964
Side-stapled in printed wrappers, 5.5″ x 6.5″, 16 pages, 100 copies, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. (T&H P-26)


25. levy, d.a. 5 CLEVELAND PRINTS
First edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1964
Five prints laid into printed wrappers, 11.5″ x 6.75″, 50 copies, letterpress printed and with prints by d.a. levy. (Lowell A7, T&H P-27)

26. levy, d.a. 6 CLEVELAND PRINTS, Volume 2
First edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1964
Six prints laid into printed wrappers, 10″ x 6″, 50 copies, letterpress printed and with prints by d.a. levy. (Lowell A8, T&H P-28)

27. Randall, Margaret. POEMS OF THE GLASS
First edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1964
Side-stapled in printed wrappers, 5″ x 7″, 16 pages, 100 copies, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. Block prints by Cathy Crayton. Dedication: “for Sergio”. (T&H P-29)

28. Rasey, Dave. SUBWAYS
levy_subwaysFirst edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1964
Side-stapled in printed and illustrated wrappers, 5″ x 7″, 12 pages, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. Block prints by A. Sypher [aka Marvin Malone]. Dedication: “for Carol Bergé”. (T&H P-30)

29. Salamon, Russell. PARENT[HETICAL POP]PIES
First edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1964
Side-stapled sheets bound into printed wrappers, 4.75″ x 7″, 16 pages, 100 copies, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. Prints by d.a. levy. Dedication: “for Lewis Turco”. (T&H P-31)

30. Sanders, Ed. KING LORD, QUEEN FREAK
First edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1964
Side-stapled sheets bound in to printed wrappers, 6″ x 7″, 16 pages, 105 copies, letterpress printed and with prints by d.a. levy. Dedication: “to the dope-freaks, poets, madmen & mother fuckers of the Lower East Side”. (T&H P-32)

31. Schramm, Irene. WHO IS DEAD
First edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1964
Saddle-stapled in printed wrappers, 5.75″ x 8.5″, 16 pages, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. Dedication: “for ee”. (T&H P-33)


32. Taylor, Kent. ALEATORY LETTERS
First edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1964
Side-stapled sheets bound in to printed and illustrated wrappers, 14 pages, 57 numbered copies, letterpress printed by d.a. levy and Kent Taylor. Block prints by Kent Taylor. (T&H P-39)
[not in archive]

33. levy, d.a. FAREWELL THE FLOATING CUNT
levy_farewellFirst edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1964
Side-stapled sheets bound into printed wrappers, 6″ x 6.25″, 14 pages, 105 copies, letterpress printed and with block prints by d.a. levy. Dedication: “for my brother, James”.
(Lowell A6, T&H P-40)

34. Katzman, Allan. THE BLOODLETTING
First edition, second printing:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1965
Side-stapled in wrappers made from maps, 4.5″ x 5.25″, 10 pages, 200 copies, mimeograph printed by d.a. levy. (T&H P-57)


35. Larsen, Carl. LEAH
First edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1965
Side-stapled in printed wrappers, 5.5″ x 8.5″, 10 pages, 100 copies, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. (T&H P-58)


36. Sanders, Ed. KING LORD, QUEEN FREAK
First edition, second printing:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1965
Side-stapled in printed wrappers, 4.5″ x 7″, 12 pages, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. Dedication: “to the dope-freaks, poets, madmen & mother fuckers of the Lower East Side”. (T&H P-59)

37. levy, d.a. CHALCHIHUITLICUE
First edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1965
Side-stapled in printed wrappers, 3 pages, 37 copies, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. Dedication: “for Carol Bergé”. (T&H P-61)
[not in archive]

38. levy, d.a. 50 SECONDS TIL BLASTOFF
First edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1965
Saddle-stapled in printed wrappers, 50 pages, 37 copies, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. (T&H P-62)
[not in archive]

39. levy, d.a. and Kent Taylor. FORTUITONS MOTHERFUCER
a. First edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1965
Side-stapled in printed wrappers with newspaper insert, 5.75″ x 8.5″, 10 pages, 75 copies, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. Note: cover variants exist in two different sizes and two different colored cover stocks. (T&H P-63)

levy_fortuitonsb. Facsimile edition:
Toronto: Letters Bookshop, 1995
Saddle-stapled in printed wrappers, 5.5″ x 8.5″, 10 pages, 30 numbered copies, photocopy printed. 



40. Bergé, Carol. LUMINA
First edition:
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1965
Stapled sheets bound in to printed wrappers, 5.75″ x 4.25″, 8 pages, 178 copies, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. Dedication: “for the artisan, Eugene Hines”. (T&H P-71)

41. Harris, Marguerite. MOON
First edition:
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1965
Side-stapled sheets bound in to printed wrappers, 5.25″ x 5.75″, 6 pages, 200 copies, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. (T&H P-72)


42. Szuter, Thom. WINTER: 1965
First edition:
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1965
Side-stapled sheets bound in to printed wrappers, 5.75″ x 2.5″, 8 pages, 78 copies, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. (T&H P-73)

43. levy, d.a. PLASTIC SAXOPHONE FOUND IN AN EGYPTIAN TOMB
First edition:
Cleveland: n.p., 1966
Side-stapled sheets in printed and illustrated cover, 8.5″ x 11″, 11 pages, 100 copies, spirit duplicator printed. (Lowell A25, T&H P-74)


44. levy, d.a. WHITE LIGHT
levy_whitelightFirst edition:
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1966
Side-stapled sheets bound in to printed wrappers, 10″ x 3.75″, 26 pages, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. Dedication: “for Sam Dogin”. (Lowell A27, T&H P-75)

45. Taylor, Kent. LATE STATIONS
First edition:
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1966
Side-stapled sheets bound in to illustrated wrappers, 5.5″ x 8.5″, 21 pages, 200 copies, letterpress and mimeograph printed by d.a. levy. Cover block print by Carl Woideck, introduction by d.a. levy. (T&H P-76)

46. [anthology] LONG DONGS, edited by d.a. levy
levy_longdongsFirst edition:
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1966
Side-stapled sheets bound in to printed wrappers, 5.5″ x 8.5″, 30 pages, 300 copies, letterpress and mimeograph printed by d.a. levy. Cover art by Beorna. Contributors include Joe Nickell, Steve Richmond,  Douglas Blazek. (T&H P-77)

47. Butcher, Grace. THE BRIGHT COLORED DARK
First edition:
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1966
Side-stapled sheets bound in to illustrated wrappers, 5.5″ x 8.5″, 22 pages, 250 copies, mimeograph printed by d.a. levy. Cover art by Baldwin Ford, introduction by d.a. levy. (T&H P-78)

48. [anthology] THE PARA-CONCRETE MANIFESTO, edited by d.a. levy
First edition:
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1966
Single sheet, 8.5″ x 11″, mimeograph printed by d.a. levy. Contributors include d.a. levy, D.r. Wagner, Kent Taylor. (T&H P-82)

49. levy, d.a. THE CEMENT FUCK
levy_cementFirst edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1966
Side-stapled sheets bound in to painted wrapper, 8.5″ x 11″, 20 pages, 110 copies, mimeograph printed by d.a. levy. Original cover art  by Mara. Introduction by Khu-en-oho. Partial mimeograph stencil bound in. (Lowell A24, T&H P-88)

50. levy, d.a. VISUALIZED PRAYERS & HYMN FOR THE AMERICAN $GOD$
levy_visualizedFirst edition:
Cleveland: Renegade Press, 1966
Side-stapled in printed wrappers, 9″ x 5.75″, 12 pages, 115 copies, mimeograph printed by d.a. levy. Dedicated “to americans dying in foreign countries when there are battles to be fought in america”. (Lowell A16, T&H P-89)

51. levy, d.a. LINES FOR LADY JANE
First edition:
Cleveland: n.p., 1966
Side-stapled sheets in card covers with unique painting tipped on to each copy, 5″ x 7″, 2 pages, 100 copies, mimeograph and letterpress printed with linoleum block prints and oil paint by d.a. levy. (Lowell A22, T&H P-90)

52. levy, d.a. SCARAB
First edition:
Cleveland: n.p., 1966
First edition, stapled sheets bound in to printed wrappers, 4.5″ x 7″, 12 pages, mimeograph and letterpress printed by d.a. levy. (Lowell A26, T&H P-91)

53. levy, d.a. HAPY HIROSHIMA DAY
First edition thus, second printing:
Cleveland: n.p., 1966
Single 6″ x 7″ sheet folded once to make four pages, letterpress printed and with a block print by d.a. levy. (T&H P-93)

54. Barker, Richard. 3 POEMS
First edition:
Cleveland: n.p., 1966
Corner-stapled sheets with illustrated cover, 8.5″ x 11″, 6 pages, 100 copies, mimeograph printed by d.a. levy. Cover art by d.a. levy.
(T&H P-95)

55. levy, d.a. THE GREAT TIBETAN TRAIN ROBBERY MYSTERY PLAY IN COLOR: A MANDALA HERNIA RUPTURED WORD GAME
levy_greattibetanFirst edition:
Swamp Erie, n.p., 1966
Side-stapled in printed wrappers, 5″ x 8″, 38 pages, 73 copies, mimeograph printed. Includes multiple sheets laid in with hand-written titling. Distributed by Ganglia Press as Singing Hands Series #3. (Lowell 17, T&H P-96)

Note: According to the Ganglia Press Index (Ganglia, Series 1, No. 8) this item was “printed in Cleveland by 7 Flowers Press & distributed by Ganglia”.

56. Rhody, Randy. PARACHUTES
levy_parachutesFirst edition:
Cleveland: 400 Rabbit Press, 1966
Side-stapled sheets bound in to painted wrappers, 6.75″ x 8.5″, 6 pages, 125 copies, mimeograph printed by d.a. levy. Unique water-color cover art by MaRa. (T&H P-102)

57. Blackburn, Paul. 16 SLOPPY HAIKU & A LYRIC FOR ROBERT REARDON
levy_16sloppyhaikuFirst edition:
Cleveland: 400 Rabbit Press, 1966
Side-stapled sheets in illustrated cover, 8.5″ x 11″, 10 pages, 45 copies, mimeograph printed by d.a. levy. Cover art by Al Diamonstein. Dedication: “for Eunice and Maia”. (T&H P-103)

58. levy, d.a., Mara, and D.r. Wagner. BLACK HAT AT THE END OF THE BAR
levy_blackhat
First edition:
Cleveland: 400 Rabbit Press, 1966
Side-stapled in hand-painted wrappers, 8.75″ x 5″, 26 pages, 120 copies, mimeograph printed by d.a. levy with additional hand-written, hand-painted, and collage elements by d.a. levy and Mara. Text is co-authored by levy and Wagner. (Lowell A20, T&H P-104)

59. Diamondstein, Al. DEATH TO ALL NON-BELIEVERS
First edition:
Cleveland: 400 Rabbit Press, 1966
Side-stapled sheets, 10 pages, 50 copies, mimeograph printed by d.a. levy. (T&H P-105)
[not in archive]

60. [anthology] 465, AN ANTHOLOGY OF CLEVELAND POETS, edited by d.a. levy
levy_465First edition:
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1966
Side-stapled sheets in silk-screened cover, 8.5″ x 11″, 64 pages, 500 copies. Contributors include Russell Atkins, Judith Hawthorne Albrecht, Grace Butcher, Geoffrey Cook, John Cornillon, Susan Cornillon, Joel Marc Deutsch, Joel Friedman, Bennet Hassink, Walter R. Keller, Joyce Guion, T.L. Kryss, Jacob Leed, d.a. levy, Mara, Franklin W.W. Osinski, r.j.s., Thom Szuter, Kent Taylor, Don Thomas, Kathie Lenehan. Preface by Rene Char. Cover silkscreen by Ralph and Diedra Poplar. Mimeograph printed by d.a. levy. (T&H P-106)

61. levy, d.a. CLEVELAND UNDERCOVERS
levy_undercoversa. First edition, regular copies:
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1966
Side-stapled sheets bound into illustrated wrappers, 6″ x 8.5″, 18 pages, 500 copies, letterpress and mimeograph printed by d.a. levy.  Dedicated to Jim Lowell. Cover block print by dagmar. (Lowell A15, T&H P-107)

b. First edition, special copies:
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1966
Side-stapled sheets bound into collaged and printed wrappers, 6″ x 8.5″, 18 pages, 65 special copies with “Freak” covers by the author, letterpress and mimeograph printed by d.a. levy.  Dedicated to Jim Lowell. (Lowell A15, T&H P-107)

62. levy, d.a. GREAT MAN SLEEPING IN A CLOSET
levy_greatmanFirst edition:
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1966
Side-stapled in printed and collage wrappers, 4.75″ x 2.5″, 6 pages, letterpress and mimeograph printed by d.a. levy. Dedicated for Richard Allen Morris. (Lowell A21, T&H P-108)

63. levy, d.a. THE NORTH AMERICAN BOOK OF THE DEAD
levy_nabotd2First edition, thus:
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1966
Side-stapled sheets bound into printed and hand-painted wrappers, 8.5″ x 11″, 56 pages, 210 copies, mimeograph printed by d.a. levy. Unique cover painting by d.a. levy. This is the first 7 Flowers Press edition, but the second revised printing after the Free Lance Press edition (see A15). (Lowell A23, T&H P-109)

64. levy, d.a. & D.r. Wagner. THE EGYPTIAN STROBOSCOPE
First edition:
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1966
Side-stapled in silk-screened wrappers, 8.5″ x 14″, 68 pages, 108 copies. (Lowell A28, T&H P-110)
[not in archive]


65. Albrecht, Erik K. OCTOBER
a. First edition, regular copies
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1966
First edition, stapled sheets bound into printed wrappers, 2.25″ x 6″, 12 pages, 100 copies, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. (T&H P-111)

b. First edition, special copies
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1966
First edition, stapled sheets bound into printed wrappers, 2.25″ x 6″, 12 pages, 20 special copies with cover art by Beorna, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. (not in T&H)

66. Atkins, Russell. SPYRYTUAL
levy_spyrytualFirst edition:
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1966
Side-stapled sheets bound in to printed wrappers, 4.25″ x 8.25″, 4 pages, 200 copies, letterpress and mimeograph printed by d.a. levy. (T&H P-112)


67. Walker, Joe. POEMS FROM THE CHICAGO MS.
First edition:
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1966
Side-stapled sheets bound in to printed wrappers, 6 pages, 100 copies, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. Cover by Dana Crumb. (T&H P-113)
[not in archive]

68. Leed Jacob. POEMS OF JACOB LEED
levy_poemsjacoba. First edition, regular copies:
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1966
Side-stapled sheets bound in to printed and illustrated wrappers, 6.5″ x 6″, 14 pages, 205 copies, letterpress printed and with prints by d.a. levy. (T&H P-114)

b. First edition, special copies:
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1966
Side-stapled sheets in hand-painted wrappers with library tape binding, 8.5″ x 11″, 20 pages, 5 copies, letterpress printed and with hand-painted cover and 3 full painted pages by d.a. levy. (not in T&H)

69. Sauls, Roger. PAIDEUMIC DREAMS / MIRACLES & ECSTASIES
First edition:
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1966
Side-stapled sheets in printed and painted wrappers, 8.5″ x 11″, 40 pages, 200 copies, mimeograph printed and with unique cover painting by d.a. levy. Introduction by D.r. Wagner. (T&H P-115)

70. Bukowski, Charles. GENIUS OF THE CROWD
levy_geniusFirst edition:
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1966
Side-stapled sheets bound into printed wrappers, 4.5″ x 6″, 22 pages, 103 copies, letterpress printed by d.a. levy. Prints by Paula Marie Savarino. (T&H P-117)

71. Montgomery, George. THE MARY-JANE PAPERS
levy_themaryjaneFirst edition:
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1966
Side-stapled sheets in illustrated cover, 8.5″ x 14″, 22 pages, 200 copies, mimeograph printed and with an introduction by d.a. levy. (T&H P-118)

72. Wood, Kay. GREENWOOD
First edition:
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1966
Side-stapled sheets in illustrated wrappers, 8.5″ x 11″, 16 pages, 103 copies, letterpress and mimeograph printed by d.a. levy. Block prints by Grady Jones. (T&H P-119)

73. Shulman, Matthew H. THE BALLAD OF NO BERETS
First edition:
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1966
Broadside, 8″ x 10.5″, mimeograph printed by d.a. levy. (T&H P-121)



74. [anthology] 306, AN ANTHOLOGY OF CLEVELAND POETS, edited by d.a. levy
levy_306First edition:
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1967
Side-stapled sheets in silk-screened cover, 8.5″ x 11″, 50 pages, 306 copies, mimeograph and spirit duplicator printed and with an introduction by d.a. levy. Original artwork by Mara. Contributors include Judith H. Albrecht, Marion Black, Joel Marc Deutsch, Joyce Guion, Tim Hall, T.L. Kryss, d.a. levy, RJS, Kent Taylor, Carl Woideck, MJW. (T&H P-124)

Note: Cover photograph of Jim Lowell standing in front of the Asphodel book shop by Martin Szuter.

75. levy, d.a. KIBBUTZ IN THE SKY
levy_kibbutzFirst edition:
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1967
Side-stapled sheets in illustrated wrapper, 8.5″ x 11″, 13 pages, 150 copies, mimeograph printed by d.a. levy. (Lowell A29, T&H P-132)


76. levy, d.a. KIBBUTZ IN THE SKY, BOOK II
a. First edition, first printing
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1967
Side-stapled sheets, 8.5″ x 11″, 8 pages, 200 copies, mimeograph printed by d.a. levy. (Lowell A30, T&H P-133)
[not in archive]

b. First edition, second printing
Cleveland: Free Love Press, 1967
Side-stapled sheets in illustrated cover, 8.5″ x 11″, 8 pages, 200 copies, spirit duplicator printed by d.a. levy. (not in Lowell nor T&H)


77. levy, d.a. THE BOX LUNCH TRAVEL-OG OF FREMONT GULCH
levy_boxlunchFirst edition:
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1967
Side-stapled sheets in printed and illustrated cover, 8.5″ x 11″, 10 pages, spirit duplicator printed by d.a. levy. (Lowell A32, T&H P-134)


78. [anthology] JAMES R. LOWELL DEFENSE FUND, edited by d.a. levy
First edition:
Cleveland: n.p., 1967
Corner-stapled sheets in illustrated cover, 8.5″ x 11″, 4 pages, mimeograph printed by d.a. levy. Contributors include d.a. levy and Joe Brainard. (T&H P-134)

79. Krech, Richard. WE ARE ON THE VERGE OF ECSTACY
levy_weareonFirst edition:
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1967
Side-stapled sheets in hand-painted cover, 8.5″ x 11″, 14 pages, 250 copies, mimeograph printed by d.a. levy. Unique cover art by Mara. (T&H P-138)

80. Shulman, Matt. FLAGS OF LONELINESS
levy_flagsFirst edition:
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1967
Side-stapled sheets bound in to wrappers made from Geology of Ohio map, 4.5″ x 6″, 8 pages, 200 copies, mimeograph printed by d.a. levy. (T&H P-139)

81. Wyatt, W.E. POEMS OF W.E. WYATT
First edition:
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1967
Side-stapled sheets in illustrated and printed wrappers, 8.5″ x 11″, 22 pages, 200 copies, mimeograph printed by d.a. levy. Drawings by Mara. (T&H P-140)

82. [anthology] THREE POEMS BY CLEVELAND POETS, edited by d.a. levy
First edition:
Cleveland: 7 FlowersPress, 1967
Side-stapled sheets in hand-painted wrappers, 8.5″ x 11″, 8 pages, 86 copies, mimeograph printed by d.a. levy. Contributors include d.a. levy, Kent Taylor, Carl Woideck. Unique cover art by Mara. (T&H P-141)
[not in archive]

83. Wagner, D.r. THE DAY IS A PRAYER THEY CAN’T UNDERSTAND!
levy_thedayisa. First edition, hand-painted copies:
Cleveland: 7 FlowersPress, 1967
Side-stapled sheets in hand-painted cover, 8.5″ x 11″, 40 pages, 150 copies, mimeograph printed and with cover art by d.a. levy. Introduction by T.L. Kryss, and “note by publisher” by d.a. levy.  (T&H P-142)

b. First edition, collage copies:
Cleveland: 7 FlowersPress, 1967
Side-stapled sheets in original collage cover, 8.5″ x 11″, 40 pages, mimeograph printed and with cover art by d.a. levy. Introduction by T.L. Kryss, and “note by publisher” by d.a. levy. Note: the total print run is 150; no count or priority to hand-painted or collage cover. (T&H P-142)

84. Saint-Eden, Dennis. NAPALM / HYDROEM POR NADIE / PSAMBA
levy_napalmFirst edition:
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1967
Side-stapled sheets bound into silk-screened wrappers, 8.5″ x 11″, 16 pages, 275 copies, mimeograph printed by d.a. levy. Cover silkscreen by T.L. Kryss. (T&H P-143)

85. Fowler, Gene. GENE FOWLER WRITES
First edition:
Cleveland: 7 Flowers Press, 1967
Side-stapled sheets, 8.5″ x 11″, 10 pages, 250 copies, mimeograph printed by d.a. levy. (T&H P-144)

86. levy, d.a. POEM FOR JULIE
levy_poemforjulieFirst edition:
Cleveland: Grass Coin Publishing Co., 1967
Side-stapled in silk-screened cover, 8.5″ x 11″, 8 pages, 260 copies, mimeograph printed by d.a. levy. Cover illustration after a photo by M.J. Roach. (Lowell A31, T&H P-146)

87. [anthology] POETRY SURVIVAL FUND, edited by d.a. levy
levy_poetrysurvivalFirst edition:
Cleveland: Grass Coin Publishing Co., 1967
Side-stapled sheets in painted cover, 5.5″ x 8.5″, 6 pages, mimeograph printed by d.a. levy. Cover art by Joyce Guion. Contributors include Grace Butcher, Cleo Malone, Basho, Joyce Guion, d.a. levy, D.r. Wagner. (T&H P-147)

88. levy, d.a. and D.r. Wagner. THE EGYPTIAN STROBOSCOPE
levy_egyptianSecond edition:
Cleveland: Grass Coin Publishing Company, 1967
Side-stapled in collaged wrappers, 8.5″ x 14″, 46 pages, 100 copies. Originally published in 1966 in an edition of 105 copies by 7 Flowers Press. “This is one of the publications seized by the cleveland in the dec. 1966 blitz-bomb”. (see Lowell A28, T&H P-145)

89. Sauls, Roger. PAIDEUMIC DREAMS/MIRACLES & ECSTASIES
levy_paideumicFirst edition, second printing :
Cleveland: The Grass Coin Publishing Co., 1967
Side-stapled sheets in illustrated wrappers, 8.5″ x 11″, 22 pages, 125 copies, mimeograph printed by d.a. levy. Cover art by MaRa. Introduction by D.R. Wagner. (T&H P-148)

Note: from the title page: “This volume of poems is one of the ‘allegedly obscene’ books seized by the cleveland police in december 1966. The city has continued its campaign to obliterate all non-aryan writings, intoxicants & spokesmen. This printing is in protest to the lack of intelligent police leadership.”

90. levy, d.a. THE TIBETAN STROBOSCOPE
levy_tibetanstroboFirst edition:
Cleveland: Ayizan Press, 1968
Saddle-stapled in printed and illustrated wrappers, 7.5″ x 11.75″, 32 pages, 4000 copies (though 3000 are rumored to have been destroyed by the author), offset printed on newsprint. Dedicated to Allen Ginsberg, Alan Watts, Robert Aitken, Phillip Kapleau, Paul Reps, and Philip Whalen. “An experiment in destructive writing other communications and concrete prose”.
(Lowell A44, T&H P-174)

91. Ferguson, Steve and Mara. FLOWERS FOR BRIAN SHERMAN
First edition:
Cleveland: Ayizan Press, 1968
Side-stapled sheets in silk-screened wrappers, 7″ x 8″, 10 pages, 150 copies, mimeograph printed by d.a. levy. Cover art by T. L. Kryss. (T&H P-175)

d.a. levy


d.a. levy Checklist:

Section A: Books and Other Separate Publications
Section B: Contributions to Books and Other Publications
Section C: Contributions to Periodicals
Section D: Publications Edited and Published
Section E: Periodicals and Series Edited and Published

Jim Lowell’s d.a. levy checklist

Falling Down Press and Kirpan Press


References Consulted:

THE BUDDHIST THIRD CLASS JUNKMAIL ORACLE: The Art and Poetry of d.a. levy, edited by Mike Golden. NY: Seven Stories Press, 1999.

D.A. LEVY & THE MIMEOGRAPH REVOLUTION, edited by Larry Smith and Ingrid Swanberg. Huron: Bottom Dog Press, 2007

LOOKING FOR D.A. LEVY (RANDOM SIGHTINGS): THE D.A. LEVY BIBLIOGRAPHY, Volume 1 [1963-1966], edited by Kent Taylor and Alan Horvath. Vancouver: Kirpan Press, 2006

LOOKING FOR D.A. LEVY (RANDOM SIGHTINGS): THE D.A. LEVY BIBLIOGRAPHY, Volume 2 [1967-1968], edited by Kent Taylor and Alan Horvath. Vancouver: Kirpan Press, 2008

ZEN CONCRETE & ETC. BY D.A. LEVY, edited by Ingrid Swanberg. Madison: Ghost Pony Press, 1991


Online Resources:

· Cleveland Memory Project
· d.a. levy home page
· Deep Cleveland
· Literary Kicks


Some notes on printing methods:

Mimeograph:
The stencil duplicator or mimeograph machine is a low-cost duplicating machine that works by forcing black ink through a stencil onto levy_greattibetanpaper. The mimeograph process should not be confused with the spirit duplicator process.

Unlike spirit duplicators (where the only ink available is depleted from the master image), mimeograph technology works by forcing a replenishable supply of ink through the stencil master. In theory, the mimeography process could be continued indefinitely, especially if a durable stencil master were used (e.g. a thin metal foil). In practice, most low-cost mimeo stencils gradually wear out over the course of producing several hundred copies. Typically the stencil deteriorates gradually, producing a characteristic degraded image quality until the stencil tears, abruptly ending the print run. If further copies are desired at this point, another stencil must be made.

Spirit Duplicator:
A spirit duplicator (also referred to as a Ditto machine in North America, Banda machine in the UK or Roneo in Australia, France and South Africa) was a printing method invented in 1923. The term “spirit duplicator” refers to the alcohols which were a major component of the solvents used as “inks” in these machines.

The usual wax color was aniline purple (mauve), a cheap, moderately durable pigment that provided good contrast, but masters were also manufactured in red, green, blue, black, and the hard-to-find orange, yellow, and brown. All except black reproduced in pastel shades: pink, mint, sky blue, and so on.

Spirit duplicators had the useful ability to print multiple colors in a single pass, which made them popular with cartoonists. Multi-colored designs could be made by swapping out the waxed second sheets; for instance, shading in only the red portion of an illustration while the top sheet was positioned over a red-waxed second sheet. This was possible because the duplicating fluid was not ink, but a clear solvent.